I know that I can adjust my \thanks symbols by overriding fnsymbols as described here: Customizing the symbol next to the author's name in a document

But it seems to me that just re-defining the dagger should also work:

\author{Author 1\thanks{Thanks 1} \and Author 2\thanks{I-should-be-next-to-an-asterisk}}


Here the dagger is replaced correctly: $\dagger$

Which correctly replaces the dagger with an asterisk in the main text, but not in the title:


What does wrong here? I tried moving the renewcommand up or down, to now avail.


The default footnote symbol uses \textdagger not \dagger. As your example shows, \dagger is a math mode command.

  • How did you find that out? The definition in tex.stackexchange.com/questions/455140/… suggests that it's \dagger, not \textdagger.
    – bonifaz
    Mar 26 '19 at 20:40
  • 4
    @bonifaz I have been maintaining the latex sources since 1993, I have some idea about some of the definitions:-) Mar 26 '19 at 20:41
  • I see, makes sense :-) I was just curious how I could find out myself in the future.
    – bonifaz
    Mar 26 '19 at 20:46

From the command line (> represents the prompt) you can issue

> latexdef -s fnsymbol
% latex.ltx, line 2234:
\def\fnsymbol#1{\expandafter\@fnsymbol\csname c@#1\endcsname}

OK, we need to know what \@fnsymbol does:

> latexdef -s @fnsymbol
% latex.ltx, line 2254:
   \ifcase#1\or \TextOrMath\textasteriskcentered *\or
   \TextOrMath \textdagger \dagger\or
   \TextOrMath \textdaggerdbl \ddagger \or
   \TextOrMath \textsection  \mathsection\or
   \TextOrMath \textparagraph \mathparagraph\or
   \TextOrMath \textbardbl \|\or
   \TextOrMath {\textasteriskcentered\textasteriskcentered}{**}\or
   \TextOrMath {\textdagger\textdagger}{\dagger\dagger}\or
   \TextOrMath {\textdaggerdbl\textdaggerdbl}{\ddagger\ddagger}\else
   \@ctrerr \fi

This means that if \fnsymbol appears in text mode, it associates \textdagger for the number 2.

For the specific application you might consider to redefine \@fnsymbol, so as not to redefine \textdagger.



\setlength{\textheight}{7cm} % just to make a smaller picture


\author{Author 1\thanks{Thanks 1} \and 
  Author 2\thanks{I-should-be-next-to-an-asterisk}}


Here we have a dagger: $\dagger$


enter image description here

  • Thanks for the in-depth answer!! Definitely useful to understand the background in the future.
    – bonifaz
    Mar 26 '19 at 21:22

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.