# Positioning two figures (with subfigures) which use 1.5 rows each to occupy 3 rows instead of 4

I have two figures with 4 subfigures each. They are currently placed like this

A1 A2 A3
A4
- Ac ---
B1 B2 B3
B4
- Bc ---

Ac and Bc denote captions. Each subfigure also has its own caption.

What's the most space efficient way to organize this situation?

The best I could come up with is the following but I'm not sure how to achieve it

A1 A2 A3
A4    B4
-Ac--
B1 B2 B3
-Bc-----

Latex code to generate this looks similar to

\begin{figure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} A1\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} A2\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} A3\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} A4\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}
\begin{figure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} B1\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} B2\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} B3\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.33\textwidth} B4\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}

This is in a single-column format (LNCS) if it matters.

• Is placing four subfigures in a row an option? – Mico Apr 8 '19 at 15:49
• Nope. They might become too tiny. I agree though that that'd be the neatest. – Peeyush Kushwaha Apr 8 '19 at 16:55
• I would either place them in a single figure with a common caption (if the subfigures are closely related) or use a sidewaysfigure and place the 4 subfigures in a single row. – leandriis Apr 8 '19 at 17:35
• Placing the caption on the right side of the fourth subfigure (as shown here: tex.stackexchange.com/q/186766/134144) might also be an ption. – leandriis Apr 8 '19 at 17:46
• You can have more than one caption in a figure. (Figures don't have numbers, only captions have numbers.) – John Kormylo Apr 8 '19 at 22:13

If you have very short captions you could do something like this:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{duckuments}

\renewcommand{\thesubfigure}{\thefigure\alph{subfigure}}% affects LOF and \ref too
\captionsetup[subfigure]{labelformat=simple}

\begin{document}
\listoffigures

\begin{figure}
\setlength{\dimen0}{\dimexpr \textwidth-2\columnsep}%
\divide\dimen0 by 3
\sbox0{\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}% measure height
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}}%
\usebox0\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}

\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}\hfill
\begin{minipage}[c][\dimexpr \ht0+\dp0][s]{\dimen0}
\setlength{\abovecaptionskip}{0pt}%
\setlength{\belowcaptionskip}{0pt}%
\caption{Top caption}
\vfill
\caption{Bottom caption}
\end{minipage}\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}

\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{\dimen0}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}
\end{document}
• This is a pretty neat way to arrange things. Just one question: could I control numbering in the subfigures so that 4 of these is 1a 1b 1c 1d and other 4 are 2a 2b 2c 2d? Putting them all in one figure environment would mean that they are numbered a b c d e f g h, right? – Peeyush Kushwaha Apr 9 '19 at 6:59
• Interestingly, subcaption knows when the caption is before or after the subcaptions and adjusts \thefigure internally. – John Kormylo Apr 9 '19 at 14:52