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I am trying to find a way of illustrating supervised learning good/over/under-fitting, like:

enter image description here

closed as off-topic by Andrew Swann, user156344, Stefan Pinnow, Raaja, Phelype Oleinik May 16 at 10:21

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  • 2
    Please show us what you have tried so far. And, welcome to TeX.Se – Raaja Apr 21 at 13:30
  • 3
    this is unrelated to texstudio (that is just the editor you are using to write the tex file, the tex output would be the same whichever editor you used) – David Carlisle Apr 21 at 13:58
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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because this is a just-do-it-for-me question – user156344 May 16 at 7:32
3

Welcome to TeX-SE! The purpose of this site is not to convert screen shots into LaTeX code, but to seek for advice when you got stuck with your own attempts. This is to give you a start, and to encourage you to try on your own.

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[font=\sffamily,
declare function={f(\x)=0.5*pow(abs(\x-2),2)-0.06*pow(\x-2,3);}]
 \foreach \Z in {1,...,42}
 {\pgfmathsetmacro{\X}{\Z/10}
 \pgfmathsetmacro{\Y}{f(\X)+0.9*rnd}
 \ifnum\Z=1
  \xdef\LstOne{(\X,\Y)}
  \xdef\LstTwo{"(\X,\Y)"}
 \else
  \xdef\LstOne{\LstOne (\X,\Y)}
  \xdef\LstTwo{\LstTwo,"(\X,\Y)"}
 \fi}
%  \begin{scope}[local bounding box=over0]
%  \foreach \Z in {1,...,42}
%  {\pgfmathsetmacro{\Coor}{{\LstTwo}[\Z-1]}
%  \fill \Coor circle[radius=1pt];
%  }
%  \draw plot[smooth] coordinates \LstOne;
%  \end{scope}
 \begin{scope}[local bounding box=over,xshift=-5cm]
 \foreach \Z in {1,...,40}
 {\pgfmathsetmacro{\Last}{{\LstTwo}[\Z-1]}
 \pgfmathsetmacro{\Current}{{\LstTwo}[\Z]}
 \pgfmathsetmacro{\Next}{{\LstTwo}[\Z+1]}
 %\typeout{\Last,\Current,\Next}
  \edef\temp{\noexpand\path ($0.6*\Current+0.2*\Last+0.2*\Next$)   coordinate 
  (p\Z);}
  \temp
  \ifnum\Z=1
  \xdef\LstThree{(p\Z)}
  \else
  \xdef\LstThree{\LstThree (p\Z)}
  \fi
  }
 \foreach \Z in {1,...,42}
 {\pgfmathsetmacro{\Coor}{{\LstTwo}[\Z-1]}
 \fill \Coor circle[radius=1pt];
 }
 \draw[thick,blue] plot[smooth] coordinates \LstThree;
 \end{scope}
 %
 \begin{scope}[local bounding box=good,xshift=-10cm]
 \foreach \Z in {1,...,42}
 {\pgfmathsetmacro{\Coor}{{\LstTwo}[\Z-1]}
 \fill \Coor circle[radius=1pt];
 }
 \draw[thick,blue] plot[smooth,domain=0.1:4.2,variable=\x] (\x,{f(\x)+0.45});
 \end{scope}
 %
 \begin{scope}[local bounding box=under,xshift=-15cm]
 \foreach \Z in {1,...,42}
 {\pgfmathsetmacro{\Coor}{{\LstTwo}[\Z-1]}
 \fill \Coor circle[radius=1pt];
 }
 \draw[thick,blue] (0.1,0.4) -- (4.2,2);
 \end{scope}
 %
 \foreach \X in {over,good,under}
 {\draw[gray,thin] ([xshift=-3pt,yshift=3pt]\X.north west) rectangle 
 ([xshift=3pt,yshift=-3pt]\X.south east);
 \draw[stealth-stealth,thick] ([xshift=-3pt,yshift=3pt]\X.north west) node[right=1.5pt,fill=white]{Values} 
 |- ([xshift=3pt,yshift=-3pt]\X.south east) node[below left]{Time};}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

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