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I'm writing my thesis as a report document using TeXShop (pdflatex and bibtex) and want the bibliography to get its own section number and appear in the table of contents. Here's what I've tried so far and the problems arising:

\addcontentsline{toc}{section}{References}

Does not add the section number, not in the toc and naturally not in the section title.

\cleardoublepage
\renewcommand*{\bibname}{\section{References}}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{bibliography}

Error: ! Incomplete \iffalse; all text was ignored after line 1.

\cleardoublepage
\section{References}
\renewcommand*{\bibname}{}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{bibliography}

The only problem this leaves is that this starts the actual bibliography on the next page after it inserts 2.5 References. Otherwise I would be happy with this solution. How can I solve this issue?

2 Answers 2

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Preliminary remark: In the report class, the bibliography will by default be typeset as an unnumbered chapter. If I understand correctly, you do not only want the bibliography to be numbered, but also "downgraded" to a section.

One solution is to selectively change the definition of \thebibliography. Add the following to your preamble:

\usepackage{etoolbox}
\makeatletter
\patchcmd{\thebibliography}{%
  \chapter*{\bibname}\@mkboth{\MakeUppercase\bibname}{\MakeUppercase\bibname}}{%
  \section{References}}{}{}
\makeatother

In the main document body, just use

\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{bibliography}

I left out \cleardoublepage for the sake of consistency (sections do not automatically start a new page).

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  • Works like a charm, thank you very much! (And also for correcting the bibilography-typo) :)
    – Pascal
    Nov 3, 2010 at 18:17
  • 1
    Note that this doesn't work with natbib. I've changed natbib.sty (added an option tocnumber) to get me a numbered \section
    – Pascal
    Jan 6, 2011 at 11:40
  • 2
    @Pascal: it's not necessary to change natbib; all that's needed is to \renewcommand{\bibsection}{\chapter{\refname}} or \renewcommand{\bibsection}{\section{\bibname}}, depending on the level you want assign the bibliography to.
    – egreg
    Jun 11, 2011 at 10:10
  • @egreg You're absolutely right, thanks for this!
    – Pascal
    Jun 12, 2011 at 16:18
  • This does not work on a Report document class does it Jul 25, 2018 at 21:45
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I'm still fairly new to Latex and I had the same question. As the provided solution did not work for me (read: I did not fully understand how to implement it), I looked for a different approach that worked better with the general format of my document.

I was already working with biblatex so I just changed the heading type for \printbibliography and this worked great. To clarify I'm using the book document type with multiple chapters. References are added to each chapter as a separate numbered section, hence the use of refssection, so this can be left out.

My sample code:

%% preamble
\usepackage[style=authoryear-comp,backend=biber, maxbibnames=99, mincitenames=1, giveninits=true, dashed=false, isbn=true, url=false, bibencoding=utf8]{biblatex}
\addbibresource{myBiblio.bib}

%% main document
\begin{refsection}
 my text

\printbibliography[heading=subbibnumbered]

\end{refsection}

Hope this helps some people.

Further suggestions are welcome. As mentioned I'm still new at this as well.

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