# How to make full use of paper margin

I have a five pics presented on one page. I find that the pics are so small I want to magnify them. But when I use larger \linewidth in the \includegraphics, pics are overlapped together. I think the best way is to move the (a)(c) a little bit left and the (b)(d) a little bit right. Then I have the space to zoom them. Is there any method? Thanks for your helping.

\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.2\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear0001.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.2\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear001.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.2\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear01.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.2\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear03.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}
\begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.2\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear05.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}

• Welcome to TeX.SE. Please let us know if you use the subcaption or the subfig package. – Mico Apr 29 '19 at 6:48
• Not clear on zooming in the extra space. Can you add an image of the page layout as per your need. – sandu Apr 29 '19 at 7:00
• It looks like you are using TeX's default page layout, which was originally intended to be used with the Journal of the American Mathematical Society's 7″ x 10″ pages, and produces very large margins on either "letter"-sized or A4 paper. Consider adding \usepackage[margin=1in,letterpaper]{geometry} or \usepackage[margin=3cm,a4paper]{geometry} to the preamble of your document, depending on which size paper you intend to print on. – zwol Apr 29 '19 at 15:13

Additionally to Mico's suggestion you can indeed use (parts of) the page margins, if you need. KOMA-Script provides an environment addmargin to increase or decrease the current margins of an area. If you do not use a KOMA-Script class you can use package scrextend as shown here:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{subcaption,graphicx,scrextend}

\usepackage{showframe}% only to illustrate the page areas

\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
\includegraphics[page=1,width=1.0\linewidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}%
\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
\includegraphics[page=2,width=1.0\linewidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}

\medskip
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
\includegraphics[page=3,width=1.0\linewidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
\includegraphics[page=4,width=1.0\linewidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}

\medskip
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
\includegraphics[page=5,width=1.0\linewidth]{example-image-duck}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}
\end{document}


There are other packages, that provide similar environments.

I suggest you make the following changes:

• Change all five instances of \begin{subfigure}{0.4\linewidth} to \begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}. This will make the graphs wider.

• Change all five instances of [width=1.2\linewidth] to [width=1\linewidth]. This will get rid of the overlaps within each row.

• Replace both instances of \qquad with \hfill.

• Optional: Delete (or comment out) all instances of \centering except the very first one.

• Optional: Provide for a bit of vertical whitespace between the rows, by inserting \medskip (or \bigskip) instructions.

\documentclass[demo]{article} % remove "demo" option in real document
\usepackage{subcaption,graphicx}

\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\centering
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
%%\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.0\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear0001.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
%%\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.0\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear001.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}

\medskip
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
%%\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.0\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear01.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\hfill
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
%%\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.0\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear03.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:penaltyh method}
\end{subfigure}

\medskip
\begin{subfigure}{0.475\linewidth}
%%\centering
\includegraphics[width=1.0\linewidth]{images/energy_ratio/linear05.eps}
\caption{}
\label{fig:hard_cokntact}
\end{subfigure}
\end{figure}
\end{document}

• @Teepeemm - oh no! :-( fixed now... – Mico Apr 29 '19 at 13:22