I am trying to modify the entry for @phdthesis to show "PhD dissertation" instead of the normal "PhD thesis" as per the suggestion made here. However, on windows that has a Miktex installation, I cannot find the file where to make this change. I am using this setup:



            style = ieee,
\addbibresource{yourbibliography.bib}% BibTeX



abstract = {Gust avo C erda-V illafan a, B .En g ., M.Eng. t1{\~{}} University of m{\~{}} BRISTOL},
author = {Cedra-Villafana, Gustavo},
school = {University of Bristol},
title = {{Artificial intelligence techniques in flood forecasting}},
url = {https://research-information.bristol.ac.uk/files/34499658/412360.pdf},
note = {(Date last accessed 06-May-2019)},
year = {2005}



This is just some text \cite{Cedra-Villafana:2005}



The closest that I came across was the ieeetr.bst file found in ...\user\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\bibtex\bst\bibtex. I made the change here but it did not make a difference.

Is there a different place or .bst file that I have to modify to show up PhD dissertation in the references?


  • 3
    With biblatex you don't use this bst, changes are made differently. Also you should never change an original file. – Ulrike Fischer May 6 '19 at 7:03
  • 3
    Add to your question a small complete example then someone will come and add the needed code. – Ulrike Fischer May 6 '19 at 7:15
  • 1
    Very related: tex.stackexchange.com/q/393773/35864 – moewe May 6 '19 at 7:28
  • 1
    I guess we can close this as a duplicate then, would you agree? – moewe May 6 '19 at 7:37
  • 1
    No, questions closed as duplicates remain searchable and can be useful signposts to point people in the right direction, especially if the duplicate uses new and different search terms and tags. – moewe May 6 '19 at 7:51

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