# French quotes and reference with csquotes and biblatex

I'm trying to configure csquotes so it can manage specific French quotation rules, with the footnote mark placed before the final punctuation mark (yes it's tricky) :

« This is a complete sentence1. »

« This is an incomplete sentence2».

Following csquotes' manual (p. 29), here is where I am so far :

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{book}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[french]{babel}
\usepackage{csquotes}
\renewcommand{\mkcitation}[1]{\autocite{#1}}
\renewcommand{\mktextquote}[6]{#1#2#6#4#3#5}

\usepackage[backend=biber,style=alphabetic,citestyle=verbose-ibid]{biblatex}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\begin{document}
Some text \textquote[key][.]{quote}
\end{document}


Which gives me :

Some text « quote1. »

And the reference in a footnote.

I still have two issues : how can I add the specific page of the quotation in the footnote (which I can do with autocite \autocite[32]{key}), and I don't know why, the footnote quotation style is not verbose-ibid with this method, I only have the author and the title.

• I don't have your fullbiblio.bib and its key entry, but when I use biblatex-example.bib's sigfridsson I get a proper full/verbose citation as a I expected. If you don't get a verbose citation I suggest you ask a new question about that (the format of the citation is only tangentially related to the csquotes interface) and include the relevant .bib entry in the question (or try to reproduce the issue with biblatex-examples.bib, which is available on all systems with biblatex). – moewe May 10 '19 at 13:06
• The thing is that it's not verbose only when called with \textquote, it works very well when I use directly \autocite. But yes maybe I'll ask a new question, thanks. – mhr May 10 '19 at 13:18
• Mhhh, that is extremely odd. As I said, in my test run things looked just fine no matter if I used \textquote or \autocite directly. – moewe May 10 '19 at 13:21
• Ok my bad you are right : I only had author + title because of the way verbose-ibidhandles ibid. – mhr May 10 '19 at 13:48
• Aha! That's one of the reasons we usually want the code examples to be compilable and as self-contained as possible. That way we can be sure that we all see the same thing. – moewe May 10 '19 at 13:49

In order to be able to give page references in the citation, I would use \textcquote, which has a mandatory argument for the cite key and optional arguments for pre- and postnote.

Then you only need to work against biblatex's autopunct feature for autocite=footnote. This can be done by simply issuing the original definition of \DeclareAutoCiteCommand (from biblatex.def) again just with the punctuation moving argument [f] dropped.

The \ExecuteBibliographyOptions{autocite=footnote} is only necessary in older versions of biblatex: https://github.com/plk/biblatex/issues/758. With version 3.12 it should not be needed any more.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{book}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[french]{babel}
\usepackage{csquotes}
\usepackage[backend=biber,style=verbose-ibid]{biblatex}

\DeclareAutoCiteCommand{footnote}{\smartcite}{\smartcites}
\ExecuteBibliographyOptions{autocite=footnote}

\renewcommand{\mktextquote}[6]{#1#2#6#4#3#5}
\SetCiteCommand{\autocite}


• How would you do the same for \blockcquote ? I tried to add \renewcommand{\mkblockquote}[6]{#1#2#6#4#3#5} but it blocks compilation. – mhr May 12 '19 at 13:53
• @mhr \mkblockquote only takes four arguments (it does not need the opening and closing quotation marks): Try \renewcommand{\mkblockquote}[4]{#1#4#2#3}. – moewe May 12 '19 at 14:03