# German letters with double umlauts?

I'm trying to use german umlauts in my document, however if I use it like that:

\documentclass[a4paper]{scrartcl}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
\usepackage[ansinew]{inputenc}
\usepackage[pdftex]{graphicx}
\usepackage{atbegshi}% http://ctan.org/pkg/atbegshi
\usepackage{wasysym}
\setlength{\parindent}{0pt}
\pagenumbering{gobble}
\graphicspath{{Bilder/}}

\begin{document}
\begin{center}
\centerline{\includegraphics[scale=0.9]{Deckblatt.png}}
\end{center}
\tableofcontents
\newpage
\section{Voraussetzungen f{\"Ä}r  das Programm}

Wenn Sie das Programm nutzen mchten, benigen sie die aktuellste Version von Java.

\end{document}


It is shown with double umlauts above for some reason, why is that?

• Welcome to TeX.SX! Use either fÄr (recommended) or f\"Ar, but not both. – Phelype Oleinik May 31 at 10:54
• They're growing/reproducing!! #blumlauts – Steven B. Segletes May 31 at 10:56
• Are you sure your files are encoded in ansinew? Not utf8, which is the standard for years? – Johannes_B May 31 at 11:07
• That's not the output I'm getting from that code. As an aside, the code is short enough but there is still a lot of redundant cruft. – JPi May 31 at 11:24
• Did my answer helped you? If yes, please consider accepting and upvoting it. That is the way here to say "Thank you for your help"! – Mensch Jun 3 at 16:42

Well, it is an issue with your file encoding.

See the following reduced code

% https://tex.stackexchange.com/questions/493504/german-letters-with-double-umlauts
\documentclass[a4paper]{scrartcl}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
\usepackage[ansinew]{inputenc} % <======================================

\begin{document}

\section{Voraussetzungen f{\"u}r  das Programm} % <=====================

Wenn Sie das Programm nutzen m\"ochten, ben\"otigen sie die aktuellste Version von Java.

\end{document}


with ansi encoding (see red circle) in the image showing editor TeXnicCenter with the code above in ansi encoding:

Compiling this returns the following pdf (please see that I used the correct \"u for ü, \"o for ö etc. and not your wrong code!):

Nowadays encoding utf8 is the standard, see the following code (you can use \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} or leave it out, with current TeX distribution utf8 is standard and neeeds not to be called):

\documentclass[a4paper]{scrartcl}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[ngerman]{babel}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} % <====================================== utf8 is standard now

\begin{document}

\section{Voraussetzungen für  das Programm} % <=====================

Wenn Sie das Programm nutzen möchten, benötigen sie die aktuellste Version von Java.

\end{document}


and in editor it needs to have encoding utf8 (see red circle in screenshot):

and the resuting pdf:

As you can see the written code is much better readable with real german umlauts ...