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I want to write (a) in the top left corner of first figure and (b) inside or outside the top left corner of figure (2). How can I do that. I don't want to use subcaption command.

`\documentclass[twocolumn, 10pt]{article}
\begin{figure}[H]
\includegraphics[width=0.49\columnwidth,height=4cm]{Fig1.PNG}
\includegraphics[width=0.49\columnwidth,height=4cm]{Fig2.PNG}
\includegraphics[width=0.49\columnwidth,height=4cm]{Fig3.PNG}
\includegraphics[width=0.49\columnwidth,height=4cm]{Fig4.PNG}
\end{figure}`
  • Why don't you use the subcaption package? It was made specifically for your purpose. – Johannes_B Jun 17 at 4:51
  • If I use subcaption package in two column formate I find it difficult to fix the position of figures while compiling it. In all my document I have used figure environment. Now I'm looking for a way to mention figure number – jerry Jun 17 at 4:53
  • How I have to modify above code if I use subcaption? I want to use figure environment beside I'm using two column paper. – jerry Jun 17 at 5:13
  • subcaption just deals with the labels, it is not replacing the figure environment, nor influencing the positioning. – Johannes_B Jun 17 at 5:16
  • 1
    Your question is not clear. Is this picture your only picture in the article? If not, how you numbering others? See, if this answer tex.stackexchange.com/questions/20354/… can help you. – Zarko Jun 17 at 5:34
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To big that can be fit in comment.

Your question is not clear. What should happen if you have more than one figure in your document? You not gives any information, if your figure with four subfigures has common figure caption or have only sub captions ...

To clarify, what we talking about see the following (dummy) document example:

\documentclass[twocolumn, 10pt]{article}
\usepackage{floatrow}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage[label font=bf, labelformat=simple]{subfig}
\usepackage{caption}
\floatsetup[figure]{style=plain,subcapbesideposition=top}
\setlength{\labelsep}{1mm}

\usepackage{lipsum} % for dummy text

\begin{document}
\lipsum[1][1]
    \begin{figure}[htb]
    \setkeys{Gin}{width=0.45\columnwidth,height=4cm}
    \centering
\sidesubfloat[]{\includegraphics{example-image-duck}\label{fig:a}}%
\hfill
\sidesubfloat[]{\includegraphics{example-image-duck}\label{fig:b}}

\sidesubfloat[]{\includegraphics{example-image-duck}\label{fig:c}}%
\hfill
\sidesubfloat[]{\includegraphics{example-image-duck}\label{fig:d}}
\end{figure}
\lipsum[2-3]
\begin{figure}[htb]
\includegraphics[width=\columnwidth]{example-image}
\caption{What should happen if you have more than one figure in your document? See inconsistency in images numbering!}
\end{figure}
\end{document}

which gives:

enter image description here

(red lines indicate page layout)

Please explain on this example, what is your problem.

  • I tried \sidesubfloat. This is exactly what I want. But I want to reduce the spacing b/w figure and caption (a). I used \setlength{\labelsep}{0.0001cm} but still spacing is enough. Can I reduce this spacing? – jerry Jun 17 at 6:03
  • See tex.stackexchange.com/questions/444513/…. I add this option to my answer ... – Zarko Jun 17 at 6:47
  • I go through your answer can we reduce this separation less than 1cm? I tried same command but it not working because I'm using \sidesubfigure to place two figures side by side in one column using two column environment – jerry Jun 17 at 7:11
  • @jerry, please first let me know, if provided solution solve your basic problem. If this is a case (numbering of your figures are still unknown/fragile), I will add more explanation to answer, as well comments in code that you will able better understand the code and make some minor changes in it by yourself. – Zarko Jun 17 at 7:20
  • Yes this solution has solved my problem. thanks. Numbering is okay. I want to decrease the spacing b/w figure and subcaptions (a). After using this method two columns of my two column environment are also merging in the center. I'm not sure if it is because of this subcaptions – jerry Jun 17 at 7:24

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