13

I want to properly typeset the versicle and response symbols. The versicle symbol looks like this:

versicle symbol

and the response symbol is the same but with "R" instead of "V".

The Comprehensive LaTeX Symbol List provides a solution which requires XeLaTeX and the Junicode font, but is there a way to properly typeset the symbols using pdfLaTeX (i.e. is there a package which provides the symbols)? If not, what is the best way to construct the symbols manually?

I managed to construct something that looks like a versicle with

\newcommand{\versicle}{$\mathbf{\not{\mkern -3mu \mathrm{V}}}$}

but I'm not skilled at constructing symbols and I know that's not right.

I'm open to using XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX if necessary to properly typeset these symbols but I'd like to know if there is a good way to do it with pdfLaTeX.


An example of the use of these symbols can be found in, e.g., Wikipedia's article on the Tantum ergo:

Example usage of versicle/response

3
  • Are rthey symbols for maths relations, or binary relations?
    – Bernard
    Jul 1, 2019 at 20:05
  • @Bernard No, I used math mode simply so I could use \not for the slash. My code is very much a hack, just to demonstrate that I tried to make my own but lack the skill/knowledge to do it.
    – Null
    Jul 1, 2019 at 20:15
  • 1
    ℣ and ℟ are Unicode charaters
    – Geremia
    Jan 16 at 2:48

4 Answers 4

7

A poorman’s version:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}

\makeatletter
\DeclareRobustCommand{\versicle}{\vers@resp{-0.1em}{V}}
\DeclareRobustCommand{\response}{\vers@resp{0pt}{R}}

\newcommand{\vers@resp@sym}{\raisebox{0.2ex}{\rotatebox[origin=c]{-20}{$\m@th\rceil$}}}

\newcommand{\vers@resp}[2]{%
  {\ooalign{\hidewidth\kern#1\vers@resp@sym\hidewidth\cr#2\cr}}%
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}

\versicle

\response

\end{document}

enter image description here

You may need to fine tune the parameters for a different font.

9

Here is a possibility with stackengine.

\documentclass[border = 6pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{stackengine}
\newcommand{\versicle}{\kern-0.25em \stackinset{r}{0.33ex}{c}{}{\rotatebox{-30}{\normalsize$\rceil$}}{V}}

\newcommand{\response}{\kern-0.25em\stackinset{r}{0.35ex}{c}{}{ \rotatebox{-30}{\normalsize$\rceil$}}{R}}

\begin{document}

 A \versicle B \quad C \response D 

\end{document}

enter image description here

10
  • That looks a lot better than mine, +1! The symbols aren't used in math mode, though, so I'd have \versicle and \response enter and exit math mode as part of the marco. I added an example of the use of the symbols to my question to better show the usage.
    – Null
    Jul 1, 2019 at 20:51
  • Beware the code used some math kerning, so you'd have to convert it to ordinary kerning (and change the unit – mu is a unit specifically for math kerning.
    – Bernard
    Jul 1, 2019 at 21:39
  • I've updated my answer for text mode. The code is simpler. Please see if it's fine for you.
    – Bernard
    Jul 1, 2019 at 21:55
  • How did I miss this question? LOL! +1 for stackengine Jul 2, 2019 at 10:39
  • 1
    @StevenB.Segletes: it's my favourite tool to make new symbols out of other symbols…
    – Bernard
    Jul 2, 2019 at 10:48
3

There is a very simple way to do that: using "gregorio" in LualaTex:

% !TEX TS-program = lualatex

\documentclass{article}    
\usepackage[bitstream-charter]{mathdesign}%I like this font, but you can use another font.
\usepackage{gregoriotex}    
\begin{document}

\Vbar

\Rbar

\end{document}

enter image description here

3

℣ (U+2123) and ℟ (U+211F) are Unicode characters, so use a font that has these characters (e.g., Noto Serif):

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setmainfont{<name of font with these characters>}

Or you can specify a fallback font, where Nimbus Roman lacks ℣ and ℟, so we use Noto Serif's:

\usepackage{fontspec, newunicodechar} 
\setmainfont{Nimbus Roman}
\newfontfamily{\fallbackfont}{Noto Serif}
\DeclareTextFontCommand{\textfallback}{\fallbackfont}
\newunicodechar{℣}{\textfallback{℣}}
\newunicodechar{℟}{\textfallback{℟}}

courtesy: "Define fallback font for specific Unicode characters in LuaLaTeX"

See page 297 of The Comprehensive LaTeX Symbol List (5 May 2021 rev.).

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.