I need to create a reference list entry according to APA standard for a paper presented at a conference which does not have published proceedings.

The approrpiate format from the APA manual is likely this:

Contributor, A. A., Contributor, B. B., Contributor, C. C., & Contributor, D. 0. (Year, Month). Title of contribution. In F. E. Chairperson (Chair), Title of symposium. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location.


Muellbauer, J. (2007, September). Housing, credit, and consumer expenditure. In S. C. Ludvigson (Chair), Housing and consumer behavior. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, Jackson Hole, WY

That however does not match the format chosen in this question: What is the proper way to represent a talk at a conference (with no proceedings) in BibTeX (hopefully via Zotero)?

How do I create an entry of that format with Biblatex? The question I linked is about Bibtex and the answers there don't work for Biblatex.

My entry so far is

    title = {Word {Embedding} Through {PCA}},
    author = {Basirat, Ali},
    year = {2018},
    month = {September},
    venue = {Gothenburg, Sweden},
    eventtitle = {Swedish Symposium on Deep Learning},
    % chariman??
    % publisher = {Centre for Linguistic Theory and Studies in Probability} % wrong key I guess


enter image description here

But there is no Symposium conducted at the meeting of in the compiled entry.


Ok, I improvised like this:

    title = {Word {Embedding} {Through} {PCA}},
    author = {Basirat, Ali},
    year = {2018},
    month = {September},
    note = {In \emph{Swedish symposium on deep learning}. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Centre for Linguistic Theory and Studies in Probability, Gothenburg, Sweden.}

Gives the right output. Only the chair part is missing, on which there is no information for this symposium.

enter image description here

  • There is—strictly seen—only one source for the details: the manual. I do not have it myself though. ☞ Publication manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2nd printing [or later], 2010. Jul 8, 2019 at 4:40
  • I am aware. But I don't have it and so far managed without it. Jul 8, 2019 at 4:41
  • Ok, I got the ebook version now... eff. I looked it up and the format is different from what the website said. Jul 8, 2019 at 4:59
  • 1
    That’s why I recommended the source, I’ve been there myself. One of these days I hope all manuals like this should be freely available on the web, in their full form. Jul 8, 2019 at 5:13
  • If you found an acceptable solution, please don't include it in the question, write an answer instead.
    – moewe
    Jul 8, 2019 at 5:15

1 Answer 1


The type @conference is automatically converted to @inproceedings. While @inproceedings is usually only used when there are published conference proceedings, you can get a sort of acceptable output even in this case.

The trick is to put the conference name in the booktitle field.


\usepackage[style=apa, backend=biber]{biblatex}

  title      = {Word Embedding Through {PCA}},
  author     = {Basirat, Ali},
  date       = {2018-09},
  venue      = {Gothenburg, Sweden},
  booktitle  = {Swedish Symposium on Deep Learning},



Basirat, A. (2018, September). Word embedding through PCA. In Swedish symposium on deep learning. Gothenburg, Sweden.

You may want to debate whether or not to include the 2018 in the booktitle: booktitle = {Swedish Symposium on Deep Learning 2018}, or whether to include the fact that this was the second such symposium booktitle = {The Second Swedish Symposium on Deep Learning},.

I didn't include the

Symposium conducted at the meeting of Centre for Linguistic Theory and Studies in Probability, Gothenburg, Sweden.

bit, because that didn't sound right to me, but you could put it into eventtitle or booktitleaddon.

Note also that the conference website says

Organised by Chalmers Area of Advance Information and Communication Technology, Chalmers Department of Computer Science and Engineering, and CLASP at University of Gothenburg.

  • Hmmm, didn't sound right to you? I agree it is weird, but it says so in the APA manual, as copy pasted into my question. Unless I am reading their "regular expression" wrong. Also, why are you hinting at the "Organised by..." part? Do you mean I need to include that in the reference somehow? Jul 8, 2019 at 6:47
  • No, my reading is correct, there is also an example in the book that contains the Symposium conducted at bit. Jul 8, 2019 at 6:59

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