# Align a set of numbers with the coefficients in a equation

I want to write an equation in latex like the following one. But I can not align a set of numbers with the coefficients completely. Here's my code:

\begin{equation}
\begin{aligned}
LNEP = & -0.23LNEER & +1.21LNCOST & +1.50LNFD & -1.03LNCP & -9.44 \\
& (0.12) & (0.13) & (0.27) & (0.37) & (1.33)
\end{aligned}
\end{equation}


And it looks like this: Could somebody help me pls? Many thanks.

• Welcome to TeX.SX! Please make your code snippet an MWE, with emphasis on working. It should start with \documentclass and end with \end{document}. – schtandard Aug 19 at 22:52

You can use alignedat.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{amsmath}

% Change the multiplication symbol to a centered dot.
\let\xtimes\times
\let\times\cdot

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}
\begin{alignedat}{5}
\mathrm{LNEP}
= -0&.23 \times \mathrm{LNEER} &{}
+ 1&.21 \times \mathrm{LNCOST} &{}
+ 1&.50 \times \mathrm{LNFD} &{}
- 1&.03 \times \mathrm{LNCP} &{}
- 9&.44 \\
(0&.12)&
(0&.13)&
(0&.27)&
(0&.37)&
(1&.33)
\end{alignedat}
\end{equation}

\end{document} • The names (if you have to use multi-letter variables) should be in \mathrm.
• I think implicit multiplication looks confusing with those names, better use it explicitly.
• The {} between & and + or - ensures the correct spacing around the operators.
• Unlike your example image, I aligned the numbers at the decimal point.
• Rather use {}+ and {}- to have the proper spacing around binary operators. – Werner Aug 19 at 23:28
• @Werner Thanks for the hint. – schtandard Aug 20 at 6:51
• Thanks for your detailed answer. Really helps me a lot. – Tianyi Chen Aug 21 at 10:56

Your forgot that n alignment points require 2n–1 ampersands. I propose a solution with alignedat{5}, and another, simpler, with stackengine, which requires no alignment points:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{geometry}
\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage[usestackEOL]{stackengine}
\newcommand{\mystackunder} {\stackMath\stackunder{#1}{\mathclap{#2}}}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}
\begin{alignedat}[t]{5}
LNEP = -0.23&LNEER &{} +1.21 & LNCOST &{} +1.50 & LNFD &{} -1.03 & LNCP &{} -9.44 & \\
(0.12) & & (0.13) & & (0.27) & & (0.37) & & (1.33)
\end{alignedat}
\end{equation}
\bigskip

\begin{equation}%
LNEP = \mystackunder{-0.23}{(0.12)} LNEER +\mystackunder{1.21}{ (0.13)}LNCOST +\mystackunder{1.50}{(0.27)} LNFD -\mystackunder{1.03}{(0.37)} LNCP -\mystackunder{9.44}{(1.33)}
\end{equation}

\end{document} • Thanks for your answer. – Tianyi Chen Aug 21 at 10:56

Keep together the coefficient and the accuracy. This allows for making the parentheses having zero width. Between the coefficient and the variable I added a thin space for better clarity.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\newcommand{\cfac}{% coefficient with accuracy
\begingroup\renewcommand{\arraystretch}{0.7}%
\begin{array}[t]{@{}r@{}}#1\\\makebox[0pt][r]{$($}#2\makebox[0pt][l]{$)$}\end{array}%
\endgroup
}
\newcommand{\tvar}{\mathrm{#1}}

\begin{document}

\begin{equation}
\tvar{LNEP} =
\cfac{-0.23}{0.12}\,\tvar{LNEER} + \cfac{1.21}{0.13}\,\tvar{LNCOST} +
\cfac{1.50}{0.27}\,\tvar{LNFD}   - \cfac{1.03}{0.37}\,\tvar{LNCP}   - \cfac{9.44}{1.33}
\end{equation}

\end{document} • Thanks for your answer. – Tianyi Chen Aug 21 at 10:56