7

Let be a cylinder with radius of the base circle is equal to 3 and the altitude of the cylinder is equal to 2. How can I draw square ABCD so that A, B and C, D lie on two base circles. I tried

\documentclass[border=2mm,12pt,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz-3dplot} 
\usetikzlibrary{3d,calc,backgrounds,patterns}
\begin{document}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\myr}{3}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\h}{2}
\def\angB{0}
\def\phi{120}
\def\angA{{\angB + \phi}}
\def\angC{\phi - 180}
\tdplotsetmaincoords{65}{100}
\begin{tikzpicture}[tdplot_main_coords,scale=1,line cap=butt,line join=round]
\begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=0]
\draw[dashed] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi+180:\myr);
\coordinate (O) at (0,0);
\coordinate (A) at (\angA:\myr);
\coordinate (B) at (\angB:\myr);
\draw[thick] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) coordinate(BR) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr)
coordinate(BL);
\end{scope}
\begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=\h]
\coordinate (O') at (0,0);
\coordinate (C) at (\angC:\myr);
\coordinate (D) at ($ (A) + (C) -(B) $);
\draw[thick]  (O') circle[radius=\myr];
\draw [thick](BR) -- (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) (BL) -- (\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr); 
\end{scope}
\fill (A) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$A$};
\fill (B) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$B$};
\fill (C) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$C$};
\fill (D) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$D$};
\draw[dashed]  (C) -- (B) --   (A)  -- (D) ;
\draw[] (C) -- (D);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document} 

enter image description here

This code don't true when I change \def\angB{0} into \def\angB{30}. How to get a general way?

2
  • Just by looking at your figure, I would say you have done it. Could you write something about, why you are not satisfied? Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 2:13
  • I drew it randomly. I can't prove ABCD is a square. Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 2:33

3 Answers 3

6

Consider three points on the square, say B, C and D. Without loss of generality we can assume that they have the coordinates

 C = (r \cos \phi,r \sin\phi,h)
 D = (r \cos (180-\phi),r \sin(180-\phi),h)
 B = (r \cos \phi,-r \sin\phi,0)

The conditions that they form a square mean that

 CD = BC

where

 CD = 2r \cos \phi
 BC = \sqrt{(2r \sin\phi)^2+h^2}

This yields

 \phi = \acos(h^2/(4r^2))/2

This confirms hpechristiansens numerical result:

 CD = 2 r \cos \left(\frac{1}{2} \acos\left(\frac{h^2}{4 r^2}\right)\right)

MWE

\documentclass[border=2mm,12pt,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz-3dplot} 
\usetikzlibrary{3d,calc,backgrounds,patterns}
\begin{document}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\myr}{3}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\h}{2}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\angA}{acos(\h*\h/(4*\myr*\myr))/2}
\tdplotsetmaincoords{65}{100}
\begin{tikzpicture}[tdplot_main_coords,scale=1,line cap=butt,line join=round]
\begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=0]
\draw[dashed] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi+180:\myr);
\coordinate (O) at (0,0);
\coordinate (A) at (\angA:\myr);
\coordinate (B) at (180-\angA:\myr);
\draw[thick] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) coordinate(BR) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr)
coordinate(BL);
\end{scope}
\begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=\h]
\coordinate (O') at (0,0);
\coordinate (C) at (-180+\angA:\myr);
\coordinate (D) at (-\angA:\myr);
\draw[thick]  (O') circle[radius=\myr];
\draw [thick](BR) -- (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) (BL) -- (\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr); 
\end{scope}
\fill (A) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$A$};
\fill (B) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$B$};
\fill (C) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$C$};
\fill (D) circle[radius=1pt] node[above] {$D$};
\draw[dashed]  (C) -- (B) --   (A);
\draw[thick] (A) -- (D) -- (C);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

3
  • The point A in your code is depend on two numbers \h and \myr`. Please let it move :) Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 2:59
  • I have not looked at the math at all, but I think that there is something wrong - it seems the 'square' is too vertical and thereby not square. Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 3:00
  • @hpekristiansen You are right. I selected the wrong solution. Now the derivation is even simpler. I confirm your result after putting in the numbers (but have an analytic expression).
    – user194703
    Commented Aug 21, 2019 at 3:17
6

In this code, the point B can run everywhere on the circle. You can change it at \def\angB{-20}, then you have an option of the square ABCD.

\documentclass[border=2mm,12pt,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz-3dplot} 
\usetikzlibrary{3d,calc,backgrounds,patterns}
\usepackage{fouriernc}
\begin{document}
    \pgfmathsetmacro{\myr}{3}
    \pgfmathsetmacro{\h}{2}
    \pgfmathsetmacro{\d}{sqrt(\h*\h+4*\myr*\myr)/sqrt(2)}
    \def\angB{-20}
    \def\angA{{\angB + acos((2*\myr*\myr-\d*\d)/(2*\myr*\myr)}}
    \tdplotsetmaincoords{65}{100}
    \begin{tikzpicture}[tdplot_main_coords,scale=1,line cap=butt,line join=round]
    \begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=0]
    \draw[dashed] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi+180:\myr);
    \coordinate (O) at (0,0);
    \coordinate (A) at (\angA:\myr);
    \coordinate (B) at (\angB:\myr);
    \coordinate (A') at ($ 2*(O) - (A) $);
    \coordinate (B') at ($ 2*(O) - (B) $);

    \draw[thick] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) coordinate(BR) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr)
    coordinate(BL);
    \end{scope}
    \begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=\h]
    \coordinate (O') at (0,0);
    \coordinate (C) at  ($ (O') - (O) +(A')$);
    \coordinate (D) at  ($ (O') - (O) +(B')$);
    \draw[thick]  (O') circle[radius=\myr];
    \draw [thick](BR) -- (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) (BL) -- (\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr); 
    \end{scope}
    \foreach \v/\position in { B/below,O/below,A/below,B'/above,A'/above,C/above,D/above} {\draw[draw =black, fill=black] (\v) circle (1pt) node [\position=0.2mm] {$\v$};
    }
    \draw[thick]    (C) -- (D) ;
    \draw[dashed] (A) -- (A') (B) -- (B') (A) -- (B) -- (A') -- (B') -- cycle (B') -- (D) (A') -- (C) (A) --  (D) (B) -- (C); 
    \end{tikzpicture}
\end{document} 

enter image description here

With some calculations by using Maple, coordinates of point A, B, C, D can be choose enter image description here

then, the code

\documentclass[border=2mm,12pt,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz-3dplot} 
\begin{document}
    \pgfmathsetmacro{\myr}{3}
    \pgfmathsetmacro{\h}{2}
    \tdplotsetmaincoords{65}{100}
    \begin{tikzpicture}[tdplot_main_coords,scale=1,line cap=butt,line join=round]
    \begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=0]
    \draw[dashed] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi+180:\myr);
    \coordinate (O) at (0,0);
    \coordinate (A) at ({1/4*sqrt(8*\myr*\myr-2*\h*\h)}, {sqrt(1/2*\myr*\myr+(1/8)*\h*\h)});
    \coordinate (B) at ({1/4*sqrt(8*\myr*\myr-2*\h*\h)}, -{sqrt(1/2*\myr*\myr+(1/8)*\h*\h)});
    \draw[thick] (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) coordinate(BR) arc(\tdplotmainphi:\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr)
    coordinate(BL);
    \end{scope}
    \begin{scope}[canvas is xy plane at z=\h]
    \coordinate (O') at (0,0);
    \coordinate (C) at ({-1/4*sqrt(8*\myr*\myr-2*\h*\h)}, -{sqrt(1/2*\myr*\myr+(1/8)*\h*\h)});
    \coordinate (D) at ({-1/4*sqrt(8*\myr*\myr-2*\h*\h)}, {sqrt(1/2*\myr*\myr+(1/8)*\h*\h)});
    \draw[thick]  (O') circle[radius=\myr];
    \draw [thick](BR) -- (\tdplotmainphi:\myr) (BL) -- (\tdplotmainphi-180:\myr); 
    \end{scope}
    \foreach \v/\position in { B/below,O/below,A/below,C/above,D/above} {\draw[draw =black, fill=black] (\v) circle (1pt) node [\position=0.2mm] {$\v$};
    }
    \draw[thick]    (C) -- (D) ;
    \draw[dashed]    (C) -- (B) -- (A) --  (D)  ; 
    \end{tikzpicture}
\end{document} 
4

This is just to help/check a real answer. I drew the figure in 3D CAD(Fusion 360) and put the constraints from you description. This is what I got (scale(10:1)) :

Cylinder with square

The side length of the square is 4.4721

Cylinder with all measures

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .