I am using the natbib style plainnat, where I have modified a few of the settings to get the bibliography style that I want. For the @article entry, somehow the journal title is not included.

The article function looks like this in my .bst file:

FUNCTION {article}
{ output.bibitem
  format.authors "author" output.check
  author format.key output
  format.title "title" output.check
  crossref missing$
    { journal emphasize "journal" output.check
      eid empty$
        { format.vol.num.pages output }
        { format.vol.num.eid output }
      format.date "year" output.check
    { format.article.crossref output.nonnull
      eid empty$
        { format.pages output }
        { format.eid output }
  format.issn output
  format.doi output
  note output

I have looked through the rest of the .bst file, but can't find a function for the journaltitle entry in my .bib file. .bib-file entry example:

  title = {Mutation Rate and Evolution of Fluoroquinolone Resistance in {{{\emph{Escherichia}}}}{\emph{ coli}} Isolates from Patients with Urinary Tract Infections.},
  volume = {47},
  issn = {0066-4804},
  url = {http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14506034 http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=PMC201150},
  doi = {10.1128/AAC.47.10.3222},
  number = {10},
  journaltitle = {Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy},
  date = {2003-10},
  pages = {3222--32},
  author = {Komp Lindgren, Patricia and Karlsson, Asa and Hughes, Diarmaid},
  eprinttype = {pmid},
  eprint = {14506034}

With the current style, the bibliography looks like this:

enter image description here

I would like to have the journal title before the Volume,Pages etc (47(10):3222 - 32), and year afterwards. Is there a simple way to do this? I have tried to add a function for journaltitle like this:

FUNCTION {jorunal.title}
{ journaltitle empty$
    { "" }
    { journaltitle }

But that gave me a bunch of errors.

  • just replace your journaltitle with journal in your entry ... Journal is supposed to be visible in every @article entry. But if bibtex find an unknown field as journaltitle it will ignore it. Also replace date by year and month separate fields...
    – koleygr
    Sep 30, 2019 at 11:51
  • @koleygr I create the .bib file with Zotero and BetterBibtex, so these fields are named automatically. How would you suggest to change this?
    – Haakonkas
    Sep 30, 2019 at 12:10
  • I suggest just to replace the journaltitle with journal by using an editor with "replace feature" like emacs or whatever and change manually the date field... I don't use this software (Zotero and BetterBibtex) but my suggestion will make your bib file usable in other documents too ... For now seems like worseBibtex for me ... (sorry ... nothing personal ... but didn't like that a software causes this problem)... May be there is an option in your software to fix this ... take a look at its manual please
    – koleygr
    Sep 30, 2019 at 12:16

1 Answer 1


This was fixed by changing my Zotero BetterBibtex translator from Better Biblatex to Better Bibtex, as mentioned here: https://github.com/retorquere/zotero-better-bibtex/issues/73

journaltitle is specific to biblatex, while journal is specific for bibtex.

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