5

I need to draw the following station and base example.

I found this question and try to do the roof part with \draw .. (a) to[..] (b). The problem is that it looks bad result.

% !TeX spellcheck = en_US
\documentclass[crop,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows.meta}

\begin{document}
        \colorlet{earth}{brown}
        \colorlet{layerone}{rgb:orange,1;yellow,2;pink,5}
        \colorlet{grass}{black!40!green}
        \colorlet{sand}{yellow!35!white}
        \colorlet{house}{gray!30!white}
        \colorlet{roof}{black!30!red}
\begin{tikzpicture}

%%%%%%% station
\fill [house] (3.68,-0.1)-- (3.88,-0.2)-- (4.2,-0.1)--(4.2,0.1)--(4,0.2)--(3.68,0.1)--cycle;
\fill [black, opacity=1/6]  (3.88,-0.2)-- (4.2,-0.1)--(4.2,0.1)--(3.88,0) -- cycle;%right side
\fill [black, opacity=1/4]  (3.88,-0.2) --(3.88,0)--(3.68,0.1)--(3.68,-0.1)-- cycle;
\fill [black, opacity=1/5] (4.2,0.1)--(4,0.2)--(3.68,0.1)--(3.88,0) -- cycle;%roof

\fill [house] (3.75,0.1) to[out=20,in=30] (3.8,0.2) to[out=30,in=10] (3.9,0.2) to[out=200,in=20] (3.95,0.1);
\fill [black, opacity=1/6] (3.75,0.1) to[out=20,in=30] (3.8,0.2) to[out=30,in=10] (3.9,0.2) to[out=200,in=20] (3.95,0.1);
%%% electricity stand

\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

Thanks for your help!

9
  • 2
    My advice: If you are a beginner with LaTeX, then I would recommend you, NOT to use LaTeX for this kind of illustrations. Maybe choose a GUI software like Dia, MS PowerPoint or MS Visio. Commented Nov 10, 2019 at 17:19
  • Thank you for your advice, @Dr.ManuelKuehner. But it is only a small part of my picture, which is done in Latex and I want to finish it. Can I export my tex file in Dia and continue working with it?
    – Katharina
    Commented Nov 10, 2019 at 17:33
  • Don't know - you have to Google it :). Commented Nov 10, 2019 at 18:04
  • I did it (( looking for another possibility.
    – Katharina
    Commented Nov 10, 2019 at 18:06
  • 4
    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because OP solved it herself according to her comment. Commented Nov 10, 2019 at 22:08

2 Answers 2

9

This is really just to inform you about the perspective library. Your target picture seems to be drawn in perspective, so you may want to check it out. A possible starting point for the power station is

\documentclass[tikz,border=3mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{perspective}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[3d view]
 \fill [black!17]  (tpp cs:x=0,y=0,z=0) -- (tpp cs:x=1.5,y=0,z=0) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=1.5,y=0,z=1) --  (tpp cs:x=0,y=0,z=1) -- cycle;%right side
 \fill [black!25]  (tpp cs:x=0,y=0,z=0) -- (tpp cs:x=0,y=1,z=0) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=0,y=1,z=1) -- (tpp cs:x=0,y=0,z=1) -- cycle;%left side
 \fill [black!20] (tpp cs:x=0,y=0,z=1) -- (tpp cs:x=0,y=1,z=1) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=1.5,y=1,z=1) -- (tpp cs:x=1.5,y=0,z=1) -- cycle;%roof
 \path[left color=black!25,right color=black!17,middle color=black!20]   
 (tpp cs:x=1.1,y=0.9,z=1) to[out=70,in=-90] (tpp cs:x=1.1,y=0.8,z=2)
 to[bend left=20]  (tpp cs:x=1.3,y=0.2,z=2)  to[out=-90,in=110] (tpp cs:x=1.3,y=0.1,z=1)
 to[bend left=30] cycle;
 \path[left color=black!25,right color=black!17,middle color=black!20]   
 (tpp cs:x=0.4,y=0.9,z=1) to[out=70,in=-90] (tpp cs:x=0.4,y=0.8,z=2)
 to[bend left=20]  (tpp cs:x=0.6,y=0.2,z=2)  to[out=-90,in=110] (tpp cs:x=0.6,y=0.1,z=1)
 to[bend left=30] cycle; 
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

This is certainly just a start, but arguably using 3d coordinates makes it easier to draw these things, and you can change the view later if needed.

One may make things simpler by introducing styles for the planes, and more realistic by computing the visibility angles.

\documentclass[tikz,border=3mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{perspective}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[3d view,
 xy plane at z/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=\ymin,z=#1) -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=\ymin,z=#1) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=\ymax,z=#1) --  (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=\ymax,z=#1) -- cycle}},
 xz plane at y/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=#1,z=\zmin) -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=#1,z=\zmin) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=#1,z=\zmax) --  (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=#1,z=\zmax) -- cycle}},
 yz plane at x/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymin,z=\zmin) -- (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymin,z=\zmax) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymax,z=\zmax) --  (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymax,z=\zmin) -- cycle}},
 x domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\xmin{#1}\def\xmax{#2}},x domain=0:1,
 y domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\ymin{#1}\def\ymax{#2}},y domain=0:1,
 z domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\zmin{#1}\def\zmax{#2}},z domain=0:1,
 ]
 \fill [black!25,y domain=0:1,z domain=0:1,yz plane at x=0];%left side
 \fill [black!17,x domain=0:1.5,z domain=0:1,xz plane at y=0];%right side
 \fill [black!20,x domain=0:1.5,y domain=0:1,xy plane at z=1];%roof
 \def\mytmin{0}%
 \def\mytmax{0}%
 \def\myxmax{-1000pt}%
 \def\myxmin{1000pt}%
 \foreach \t in {0,1,...,360}
 {\path (tpp cs:x={cos(\t)},y={sin(\t)},z=0) ;
 \pgfgetlastxy{\myx}{\myy}
 \ifdim\myx<\myxmin
  \xdef\myxmin{\myx}%
  \xdef\mytmin{\t}%
 \fi
 \ifdim\myx>\myxmax
  \xdef\myxmax{\myx}%
  \xdef\mytmax{\t}%
 \fi
 }
 \foreach \X in {1.1,0.4}
 {\path[left color=black!25,right color=black!17,middle color=black!20]
  plot[variable=\t,domain=\mytmin:\mytmax,smooth] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=1)
 to[out=100,in=-100]
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\mytmax)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\mytmax)},z=2)
 plot[variable=\t,domain=\mytmax:\mytmin,smooth] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=2)
 to[out=-80,in=80] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\mytmin)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\mytmin)},z=1);
 \path[fill=black!40] plot[variable=\t,domain=0:360,smooth cycle] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=2);}
 \end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

You can then vary the view parameters.

\documentclass[tikz,border=3mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{perspective}
\tikzset{xy plane at z/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=\ymin,z=#1) -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=\ymin,z=#1) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=\ymax,z=#1) --  (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=\ymax,z=#1) -- cycle}},
 xz plane at y/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=#1,z=\zmin) -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=#1,z=\zmin) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=\xmax,y=#1,z=\zmax) --  (tpp cs:x=\xmin,y=#1,z=\zmax) -- cycle}},
 yz plane at x/.style={insert path={
 (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymin,z=\zmin) -- (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymin,z=\zmax) 
    -- (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymax,z=\zmax) --  (tpp cs:x=#1,y=\ymax,z=\zmin) -- cycle}},
 x domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\xmin{#1}\def\xmax{#2}},x domain=-1:1,
 y domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\ymin{#1}\def\ymax{#2}},y domain=-1:1,
 z domain/.code args={#1:#2}{\def\zmin{#1}\def\zmax{#2}},z domain=-1:1}

\begin{document}
\foreach \Y in {6,8,...,24,22,20,...,8}
{\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=4,3d view,
 perspective={p = {(\Y/2,0,0)}, q = {(0,10,0)},r={(0,0,\Y/2)}}]
 \fill [black!25,y domain=0:1,z domain=0:1,yz plane at x=0];%left side
 \fill [black!17,x domain=0:1.5,z domain=0:1,xz plane at y=0];%right side
 \fill [black!20,x domain=0:1.5,y domain=0:1,xy plane at z=1];%roof
 \def\mytmin{0}%
 \def\mytmax{0}%
 \def\myxmax{-1000pt}%
 \def\myxmin{1000pt}%
 \foreach \t in {0,1,...,360}
 {\path (tpp cs:x={cos(\t)},y={sin(\t)},z=0) ;
 \pgfgetlastxy{\myx}{\myy}
 \ifdim\myx<\myxmin
  \xdef\myxmin{\myx}%
  \xdef\mytmin{\t}%
 \fi
 \ifdim\myx>\myxmax
  \xdef\myxmax{\myx}%
  \xdef\mytmax{\t}%
 \fi
 }
 \foreach \X in {1.1,0.4}
 {\path[left color=black!25,right color=black!17,middle color=black!20]
  plot[variable=\t,domain=\mytmin:\mytmax,smooth] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=1)
 to[out=100,in=-100]
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\mytmax)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\mytmax)},z=2)
 plot[variable=\t,domain=\mytmax:\mytmin,smooth] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=2)
 to[out=-80,in=80] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\mytmin)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\mytmin)},z=1);
 \path[fill=black!40] plot[variable=\t,domain=0:360,smooth cycle] 
 (tpp cs:x={\X+0.3*cos(\t)},y={0.5+0.3*sin(\t)},z=2);}
\end{tikzpicture}}
\end{document}

enter image description here

2
  • It is great. Thank you so much for your help. This library "perspective" is new to me.
    – Katharina
    Commented Nov 12, 2019 at 22:43
  • 1
    @Katharina You're welcome! But the thanks should go to the user Max, who created this amazing library, see tex.stackexchange.com/a/447120/194703.
    – user194703
    Commented Nov 12, 2019 at 23:32
2

Using TikzEdt.

    \documentclass{standalone}
    \usepackage{tikz}
    \usetikzlibrary{positioning}
    \usetikzlibrary{shapes.geometric}
    \usetikzlibrary{backgrounds}
    \begin{document}
    \definecolor{DBrown}{HTML}{9B8879}
    \definecolor{LBrown}{HTML}{C5B99F}
    \definecolor{backg}{HTML}{BCC534}
    \definecolor{latCol}{HTML}{E8B041}
    \definecolor{pot}{HTML}{185BD9}
    \begin{tikzpicture}[potSt/.style={ellipse,draw=pot,fill=pot,inner sep=0pt,minimum height=5pt,minimum width=2pt,rotate=-45}]
    %\node{\includegraphics{impEletr}};
    %background
    \fill[backg]  (-7.6,-1.2) rectangle (7.7,-5.4);
    \fill[latCol] (7.7,-1.2) -- (1.9,-5.4) -- (7.7,-5.4) -- cycle;

    \node[potSt] at (3.2,-4.8) {};
    \node[potSt]  at (4.7,-3.7) {};
    \node[potSt]  at (5.5,-4.7) {};
    \node[potSt]  at (7,-3.6) {};
    \node[potSt]  at (6.3,-2.6) {};

    %plant wires
    \draw[red,line width=6pt] (-5,-3.5) .. controls (-5.8,-3.9) and (-6.3,-4.1) .. (-7.6,-4.2);
    \draw[blue,line width=6pt] (-4.1,-3.7) .. controls (-5.4,-4) and (-6.3,-4.4) .. (-7.4,-5.3);

    %power plant
    \draw[very thick,fill=DBrown,miter limit=5] (-3.8,-2.41) -- (-1.1,-1.67) -- (-1.1,-3) -- (-3.77,-4) -- cycle;
    \draw[very thick,fill=LBrown] (-3.8,-2.41) -- (-6.4,-1.9) -- (-6.42,-3.23) -- (-3.77,-4) -- cycle;
    \draw[very thick,fill=LBrown,miter limit=5] (-3.8,-2.41) -- (-1.1,-1.67) -- (-3.6,-1.4) -- (-6.4,-1.9) -- cycle;

    \fill[LBrown] (-2.58,-0.69) .. controls (-2.54,-1.22) and (-2.64,-1.52) .. (-2.24,-1.92) -- (-3.84,-1.72) .. controls (-3.54,-1.32) and (-3.44,-1.12) .. (-3.48,-0.7) -- cycle;
    \draw[very thick] (-2.58,-0.69) .. controls (-2.54,-1.22) and (-2.64,-1.52) .. (-2.24,-1.92);
    \draw[very thick] (-3.48,-0.7) .. controls (-3.49,-1.12) and (-3.54,-1.32) .. (-3.84,-1.72);
    \draw[very thick,fill=LBrown]  (-3.03,-0.69) ellipse (0.45 and 0.05);

    \fill[LBrown] (-3.94,-0.87) .. controls (-3.9,-1.4) and (-4,-1.7) .. (-3.6,-2.1) -- (-5.2,-1.9) .. controls (-4.9,-1.5) and (-4.8,-1.3) .. (-4.84,-0.88) -- cycle;
    \draw[very thick] (-3.94,-0.87) .. controls (-3.9,-1.4) and (-4,-1.7) .. (-3.6,-2.1);
    \draw[very thick] (-4.84,-0.88) .. controls (-4.85,-1.3) and (-4.9,-1.5) .. (-5.2,-1.9);
    \draw[very thick,fill=LBrown]  (-4.39,-0.87) ellipse (0.45 and 0.05);

    %big lattice
    \begin{scope}[very thick]
    \draw (2.6,-3.4) .. controls (2,-2.1) and (2,1) .. (2,2) -- (1.4,2) .. controls (1.4,1) and (1.3,-2.1) .. (0.8,-3.4);
    \draw (0.8,-3.4) -- (2.2,-1.8) -- (1.3,-0.82) -- (2.03,-0.15) -- (1.36,0.53) -- (2,1.14);
    \node[isosceles triangle,draw,inner sep=0pt,shape border rotate=90, minimum height=0.47cm,minimum width=2.4cm,isosceles triangle stretches] (bigT)at (1.64,1.36) {};
    \node[draw,fill,minimum height=3mm,minimum width=2mm,inner sep=0pt,anchor=north west] (LIsoB) at ([xshift=1mm]bigT.left corner){};
    \node[draw,fill,minimum height=3mm,minimum width=2mm,inner sep=0pt,anchor=north east] (RIsoB) at ([xshift=-1mm]bigT.right corner){};
    \end{scope}


    %\node at (2,2.5) {petrothermal};
    %small lattice
    \begin{scope}[line width=1.1pt]
    \draw (5.14,-1.28) .. controls (4.9,-0.5) and (4.8,0.5) .. (4.8,1.33) -- (4.5,1.33) .. controls (4.5,0.5) and (4.5,-0.5) .. (4.23,-1.3);
    \draw (4.29,-1.1) -- (4.94,-0.5) -- (4.47,-0.05) -- (4.83,0.3) -- (4.5,0.6) -- (4.81,0.94);
    \node[isosceles triangle,draw,inner sep=0pt,shape border rotate=90, minimum height=0.25cm,minimum width=1.3cm,isosceles triangle stretches] (smaT) at (4.64,1.06) {};
    \node[draw,fill,minimum height=1.5mm,minimum width=0.8mm,inner sep=0pt,anchor=north west] (LIsoS) at ([xshift=1.35mm]smaT.left corner){};
    \node[draw,fill,minimum height=1.5mm,minimum width=0.8mm,inner sep=0pt,anchor=north east] (RIsoS) at ([xshift=-1.35mm]smaT.right corner){};
    \end{scope}

    %lattice wires
    \draw (-1.1,-2.8) .. controls (0.1,-2.7) and (2.7,-0.9) .. (RIsoB.south);
    \draw (-1.1,-2.2) .. controls (-0.3,-1.6) and (0.6,-0.8) .. (LIsoB.south);
    \draw (RIsoB.south) .. controls (3.4,-0.3) and (4.5,0.1) .. (RIsoS.south);
    \begin{scope}[on background layer]
    \draw (LIsoB.south) .. controls (3,-0.4) and (4,0.3) .. (LIsoS.south);
    \end{scope}

    \end{tikzpicture}
    \end{document}

power plant

1
  • 1
    Nice solution. Thank you
    – Katharina
    Commented Nov 16, 2019 at 1:03

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .