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For a report in my school course, I need to make an analysis of an output signal from a certain Electrical circuit according to the input. Here is the graph which I am trying to reproduce:

schmitt_trigger

It consists of an two graphs which are stacked up, one on top of another. I actually looked up on texample.net in order to try it by myself but I just quite couldn't get it right. I created two {tikzpicture} blocks in order to get it but I failed to make it when it comes to drawing the red dashed vertical lines from the inputs all the way to the outputs. I looked at these two examples:

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    Could you perhaps post the code for the two unconnected graphs? This would make it much easier to come up with a nice solution. This answer explains how to connect two different tikzpictures. Nov 15 '19 at 10:31
  • Sure, I will fine tune the two unconnected graphs and will post them in question. Nov 15 '19 at 10:34
  • If these graphs are done with pgfplots, you may want to have a look at the groupplots library.
    – user194703
    Nov 15 '19 at 16:00
  • @Schrödinger'scat indeed these are drawn using pgfplots, but I am not proficient in TikZ so I am checking out that groupplots library that you mentionned from the PDF manual. Nov 15 '19 at 16:10
  • 1
    There are many explicit examples, and here is one that I wrote a few days ago. You may use it to see how one can connect lines across plots.
    – user194703
    Nov 15 '19 at 16:34
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Here is a proposal that derives the lower plot from the intersections of the upper plot with the y=2 and y=-2 lines.

\documentclass[border=3mm]{standalone}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.16}% <- if you have an older installation, try 1.15 or 1.14
\usepgfplotslibrary{groupplots,fillbetween}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[node font=\sffamily]
   \begin{groupplot}[group style={group size=1 by 2,vertical sep=4.5em},
       width=9cm,height=5cm,
       xmin=0,xmax=0.035,ymin=-5.2,ymax=5.2,
       xtick={0,0.005,...,0.035},grid=major,
       domain=0:0.035,xlabel={},axis on top,samples=201,
       scaled x ticks=false,/pgf/number format/fixed,
       x tick label style={font=\small},y tick label style={font=\small}]
    \nextgroupplot[title={Input signal},
        ylabel={Input signal voltage},ytick={-5,-2,2,5}]
      \addplot[smooth, cyan,thick,name path=sine] {5*sin((x/0.035)*730)};
      \path[name path=upper] (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmin},2)
        -- (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmax},2);
      \path[name path=lower] (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmin},-2)
        -- (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmax},-2);
      \path[name intersections={of={sine and upper},name=u},
        name intersections={of={sine and lower},name=l}];
      \path (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmax},\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/ymax})
        coordinate (TR1);       
    \nextgroupplot[title={Schmitt output signal},
        ytick={-5,-3,3,5},ylabel={Schmitt trigger voltage output}]
       \draw[cyan,thick] (0,-3) -| (u-1|-0,3) coordinate (U-1) 
        -| (l-1|-0,-3) coordinate (L-1) -| (u-3|-0,3) coordinate (U-3)
       -| (l-3|-0,-3) coordinate (L-3)-- (0.035,-3);
      \path (\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/xmax},\pgfkeysvalueof{/pgfplots/ymax})
        coordinate (TR2);       
   \end{groupplot}
   \draw[red,dashed] foreach \X in {1,3} {(u-\X) -- (U-\X)};
   \draw[dashed] foreach \X in {1,3} {(l-\X) -- (L-\X)};
    \path foreach \X in {1,2} 
    {(TR\X) node[anchor=north east,align=right,font=\small]     
    {$V_\mathrm{OL} = 3\mathrm{V}$\\
    $V_\mathrm{HL} = 3\mathrm{V}$}};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

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  • Thanks a million for sharing that example from one of your responses. I will learn it from now on. Just one last request: Is it possible to make the numbers appear smaller (I think bigger numbers kind of clutter the graph, but is only a personal preference)? And add $V_{OL} = 3V$ and $V_{HL} = 3V$ on the upper-right part of the boxes? Nov 15 '19 at 17:23
  • 1
    @billyandriam You are welcome! I added x tick label style={font=\small},y tick label style={font=\small} to make them smaller.
    – user194703
    Nov 15 '19 at 17:30

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