3

As I pre-write my thesis in Word I would appreciate to make a direct copy&paste into Kile. More when writting directly in Kile using something like \"u makes the text seems unstructured.

I know some way to use \inputenc, however as I am using XeLaTeX this does not work.

Is there some other way to write ä or ü directly?

I already tried using \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} but the characters are not shown.

My part of the preamble:

%---------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------------
%   Encoding und Language
%----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
\XeTeXinputencoding latin1
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}                            
\usepackage{polyglossia}
\setdefaultlanguage[spelling=new]{german}
\setotherlanguage{english}
\usepackage{csquotes}   
%----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
%   Fonts
%----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

\usepackage{fontspec}

Thank you in advance for your help.

EDIT:

New MWE:

\documentclass[10pt]{article}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\begin{document}
test äö ß dfß ü 
\end{document}

Compiled with XeLaTeX, the Output PDF only shows Test without the special characters

Full Log:

This is XeTeX, Version 3.14159265-2.6-0.999991 (MiKTeX 2.9.7250 64-bit) (preloaded format=xelatex 2020.1.16)  21 JAN 2020 21:37
entering extended mode
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LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \colon on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Gamma on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Delta on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Theta on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Lambda on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Xi on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Pi on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Sigma on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Upsilon on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Phi on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Psi on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \Omega on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring math symbol \mathdollar on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Redeclaring symbol font `operators' on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Encoding `OT1' has changed to `TU' for symbol font
(Font)              `operators' in the math version `normal' on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting symbol font `operators' in version `normal'
(Font)                  OT1/cmr/m/n --> TU/lmr/m/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Encoding `OT1' has changed to `TU' for symbol font
(Font)              `operators' in the math version `bold' on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting symbol font `operators' in version `bold'
(Font)                  OT1/cmr/bx/n --> TU/lmr/m/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting symbol font `operators' in version `normal'
(Font)                  TU/lmr/m/n --> TU/lmr/m/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathit' in version `normal'
(Font)                  OT1/cmr/m/it --> TU/lmr/m/it on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathbf' in version `normal'
(Font)                  OT1/cmr/bx/n --> TU/lmr/bx/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathsf' in version `normal'
(Font)                  OT1/cmss/m/n --> TU/lmss/m/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathtt' in version `normal'
(Font)                  OT1/cmtt/m/n --> TU/lmtt/m/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting symbol font `operators' in version `bold'
(Font)                  TU/lmr/m/n --> TU/lmr/bx/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathit' in version `bold'
(Font)                  OT1/cmr/bx/it --> TU/lmr/bx/it on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathsf' in version `bold'
(Font)                  OT1/cmss/bx/n --> TU/lmss/bx/n on input line 10.
LaTeX Font Info:    Overwriting math alphabet `\mathtt' in version `bold'
(Font)                  OT1/cmtt/m/n --> TU/lmtt/bx/n on input line 10.
Invalid UTF-8 byte or sequence at line 11 replaced by U+FFFD.
Invalid UTF-8 byte or sequence at line 11 replaced by U+FFFD.
Invalid UTF-8 byte or sequence at line 11 replaced by U+FFFD.
Invalid UTF-8 byte or sequence at line 11 replaced by U+FFFD.
Invalid UTF-8 byte or sequence at line 11 replaced by U+FFFD.
Missing character: There is no � in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=tex-text;!
Missing character: There is no � in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=tex-text;!
Missing character: There is no � in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=tex-text;!
Missing character: There is no � in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=tex-text;!
Missing character: There is no � in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=tex-text;!
 [1

] (Test.aux) ) 
Here is how much of TeX's memory you used:
 17903 strings out of 427233
 361810 string characters out of 3141341
 451671 words of memory out of 3000000
 22419 multiletter control sequences out of 15000+200000
 532386 words of font info for 30 fonts, out of 3000000 for 9000
 1348 hyphenation exceptions out of 8191
 45i,10n,42p,321b,2146s stack positions out of 5000i,500n,10000p,200000b,50000s

Output written on Test.pdf (1 page).
  • 1
    never use fontenc with xetex, you can just use ä to get ä, if that does not work, show what you did and what error you got. – David Carlisle Jan 21 at 19:16
  • Hi, I am using Xelatex. I do not receive any error, the character is just not shown in my PDF. My preamble (part of it) looks like this: \XeTeXinputencoding latin1 \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} % Support for more character glyphs \usepackage{polyglossia} \setdefaultlanguage[spelling=new]{german} \setotherlanguage{english} \usepackage{csquotes} – SRel Jan 21 at 19:19
  • 1
    \usepackage{fontspec} – SRel Jan 21 at 19:19
  • 1
    edit the question to add code to a code block, dont add code in comments. but don't do \XeTeXinputencoding latin1 use utf 8 (the default) and don't do \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} that more or less completely breaks all font and hyphenation in xelatex – David Carlisle Jan 21 at 19:20
  • I made the edit @DavidCarlisle – SRel Jan 21 at 19:23
9

Delete these lines

\XeTeXinputencoding latin1
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}

the first one make the input be latin1 rather than the UTF-8 that is the default in xetex and this site almost anywhere else. Using latin1 with xetex is tricky and completely unnecessary, when you cut and paste text from other systems (eg the examples on this website) it will be carried as utf-8 usually.

Never use \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} with xelatex that forces the use of legacy 8-bit fonts so undoing most of the benefits of xetex which is to give access to Unicode fonts, and hypehantion will be incorrect as the xelatex format does not load hyphenation tables for T1 encoding.

Without those lines you should get the default behaviour of UTF-8 input and Unicode (TU) encoded fonts, so ä and ü can just be used as normal characters.

\documentclass{article}

\begin{document}

so ä and ü can just be used as normal characters.

\end{document}

enter image description here

  • After commenting out these lines I receive an Misplaced alignment tab character & test xxxxx – SRel Jan 21 at 19:35
  • 2
    @SRel that is completely unrelated to this question, it means you have a & that is not in a tabular. If you want to typeset & then use \& – David Carlisle Jan 21 at 19:36
  • 1
    @SRel as I say & can only be used in tabular, use \& to typeset & just as you can not make a { by typing { you need \{ This is completely unrelated to the xelatex encoding question, and is just basic tex syntax and applies equally to pdflatex or lualatex, or even plain tex. – David Carlisle Jan 21 at 19:42
  • 1
    @SRel as I said before edit the question don't put code in comments. add the test file and show the full log that you get. I can only assume that you have your editor configured to save files in latin1 if so change it to save in utf-8, but a log would show. You are still making the markup a lot more complicated than needed \usepackage{fontspec} \defaultfontfeatures{Ligatures=TeX} is doing nothing there as ligature=TeX is the default, and the default font is latin modern whether or not you load fontspec. – David Carlisle Jan 21 at 20:44
  • 1
    I think you got me thanks, indeed I checked the editor which says save files using cp-1252 as coding. Changing it to UTF-8 works! :) – SRel Jan 21 at 20:53

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