# No “et al.” truncation for pieces with more than 3 authors (natbib)

@article{karki2017fabrication,
Author = {Karki, Bhishma and Nakarmi, Jeevan Jyoti and Singh, Rhiddi Bir and Banerjee, Manish},
Number = {9},
Pages = {575-580},
Publisher = {VBRI},
Title = {Fabrication of {Au}:{ZnO} thin films by a solution assisted route for application in photoelectrocatalytic degradation of methylene blue (MB)},
Volume = {2},
Year = {2017}}


This is my bibliography for natbib, but even though, such settings work for other list when the authors are more than 3, I am not getting Karki et al. when I use \citep{karki2017fabrication}. Instead, I am getting (Karki, Nakarmi, Singh, & Banerjee, 2017). I don't know what's the issue? Thanks

• If and how name lists are truncated in citations will depend on the bibliography style you use. We can only help you if you share with us what bibliography/citation packages you load (you mention natbib, so you probably load only that) and which bibliography style you use (\bibliographystyle) ideally in a fully compilable example document (a so-called MWE: tex.meta.stackexchange.com/q/228/35864). – moewe Feb 1 at 11:23
• Bibliography style is apacite – Roshan Shrestha Feb 1 at 11:25
• apacite implements the citation and bibliography style required by the 6th ed. of the APA manual. One property of that citation style is that works with 3 to 5 authors (I think, the numbers might be slightly different) are cited in full the first time and will only be abbreviated to "First et al." on subsequent citations. That is what apacite implements. If you don't want that behaviour I suggest you use a different style. – moewe Feb 1 at 11:28

The piece you're citing has four authors. What you're experiencing -- the full list of authors being shown in the citation call-out, the first time a piece with between 3 and 5 authors is cited -- is a deliberate design feature of the apacite bibliography style. Only in subsequent citation call-outs to such an entry is the familiar "et al" truncation scheme employed.

For pieces with 6 or more authors or editors, the apacite bib style truncates the author list in the citation call-out the very first time a piece is cited.

\documentclass{article}
\begin{filecontents}[overwrite]{mybib.bib}
@article{karki2017fabrication,
Author = {Karki, Bhishma and Nakarmi, Jeevan Jyoti and
Singh, Rhiddi Bir and Banerjee, Manish},
Title  = {Fabrication of {Au}:{ZnO} thin films by a solution
assisted route for application in
methylene blue ({MB})},
Year   = {2017},
Volume = {2},
Number = {9},
Pages  = {575--580},
Publisher = {VBRI},
}
@misc{test,
author = "A and B and C and D and E and F and G",
title  = "Thoughts",
year   = 3001,
}
\end{filecontents}

\usepackage[natbibapa]{apacite}
\bibliographystyle{apacite}