# Different spacing, hyphenation and page breaks with pdfLaTex + Libertine vs. XeLaTeX + Libertinus

I have a rather long document (approx. 300 pages) which I have started to create with pdfLaTeX and Libertine, but now I have switched to XeLaTeX and Libertinus for several reasons (mostly math and unicode related).

If I understand correctly, both engines and both fonts should produce the same output as Libertinus is said to be a metric aquivalent replacement for Libertine.

However, the result with XeLaTex and Libertinus is typographically not as good as pdfLaTeX and Libertine. Inter alia

• XeLaTeX and Libertinus create more hyphenated words
• XeLaTeX and Libertinus put less words into a single line
• XeLaTeX and Libertinus create more underful boxes (cp. item before)
• Regarding vertical spacing: XeLaTeX sometimes puts less lines and paragaphs onto a single page causing really big and unpleasant vertical spaces between the remaining paragraphs

All in all, with XeLaTeX and Libertinus the document is 4 pages longer and visually not as pleasing as with pdfLaTeX.

Unfortunately, it is a little bit difficult to create a MWE, because the really ugly things happen after tenth of pages. However, some of the effects are already visible in the abstract:

MWE for pdfLaTeX:

\documentclass[
a4paper,
fontsize=11pt,
version=last,
BCOR=15mm,
DIV=12,
american%
]{scrbook}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{libertine}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{babel}
\usepackage[final]{microtype}

\begin{document}

In numerous user-centric, cyber-physical systems, point collection and redemption mechanisms are a core component.
Loosely speaking, this component or building block may be viewed as personal piggy bank'' that allows users to deposit and disburse points.
Depending on the context, points might be interpreted in numerous ways:
monetary units (e.g.\@ Euro cents), loyality rating points, reliability credits, etc.
This thesis deals with the problem of \emph{anonymous} point collection.

First and foremost, this thesis is unarguably the most comprehensive treatment of anonymous point collection as a generic building block in a formally precise manner with a rigorous security model and proof.
Cryptography does not only deal with the confidentiality or authenticity of messages, but also with the provable security of complex systems.
Cryptography has shown that---in principle---any computable function whose inputs might be distributed across mutual distrustful parties can be securely evaluated using so-called secure multi-party computation (MPC).
However, generic MPC techniques are too inefficient for real-world applications and also come with a number of other drawbacks.
Hence, research on the intersection between IT security and cryptography considers tailor-made building blocks which allow both a practically efficient realization but are also provably secure with respect to a precise definition.
To this end, a definition of anonymous point collection is carved out which significantly improves on previous attemps.
\end{document}


MWE for XeLaTeX:

\documentclass[
a4paper,
fontsize=11pt,
version=last,
BCOR=15mm,
DIV=12,
american%
]{scrbook}

\usepackage[defaultfeatures={Ligatures={TeX,Common,Contextual,Required,Rare}}]{libertinus}
\usepackage{babel}
\usepackage[final]{microtype}

\begin{document}

In numerous user-centric, cyber-physical systems, point collection and redemption mechanisms are a core component.
Loosely speaking, this component or building block may be viewed as personal piggy bank'' that allows users to deposit and disburse points.
Depending on the context, points might be interpreted in numerous ways:
monetary units (e.g.\@ Euro cents), loyality rating points, reliability credits, etc.
This thesis deals with the problem of \emph{anonymous} point collection.

First and foremost, this thesis is unarguably the most comprehensive treatment of anonymous point collection as a generic building block in a formally precise manner with a rigorous security model and proof.
Cryptography does not only deal with the confidentiality or authenticity of messages, but also with the provable security of complex systems.
Cryptography has shown that---in principle---any computable function whose inputs might be distributed across mutual distrustful parties can be securely evaluated using so-called secure multi-party computation (MPC).
However, generic MPC techniques are too inefficient for real-world applications and also come with a number of other drawbacks.
Hence, research on the intersection between IT security and cryptography considers tailor-made building blocks which allow both a practically efficient realization but are also provably secure with respect to a precise definition.
To this end, a definition of anonymous point collection is carved out which significantly improves on previous attemps.
\end{document}


Result for pdfLaTeX:

Result for XeLaTeX:

What is causing these differences? How can I get the same result with XeLaTeX and Libertinus? Or is this expected behavior and do I have to accept the differences?

• Have you tried with luatex? microtype support for xetex is limited (there is no font expansion, for example). Feb 9 '20 at 20:44
• >Libertinus is said to be a metric equivalent replacement for Libertine. No. libertinus is libertine with some corrections. You should be comparing libertine under pdflatex and xelatex OR libertinus under pdflatex and xelatex. Feb 9 '20 at 21:21