# Mac option symbols not appearing in pdf

Simply put, Apple option symbols such as § are not appearing in the pdf file when I build it. Other symbols (e.g., shift symbols) appear. There is no problem building the pdf either.

To be incredibly unhelpful, I have no idea when option symbols stopped showing up, but they were definitely working at some time prior. Since the pdf is getting built without issue, I don't know where to start looking.

I'm hoping someone can tell me what should I be looking for to remedy this problem, or failing that, if there is an easy workaround.

Below I have included the relevant code in which I keep all of my packages etc.

    \documentclass[12pt,twoside,openright]{report}

\title{A PhD Thesis}
\author{Some Bloke}
\date{2019}

% PACKAGE FOR GRAPHS (chapter 7)

\usepackage{tikz}

\tikzset{
basic/.style  = {draw, text width=2cm, font=\sffamily, rectangle},
root/.style   = {basic, rounded corners=2pt, thin, align=center,
},
level 2/.style = {basic, rounded corners=6pt, thin,align=center, ,
text width=8em},
level 3/.style = {basic, thin, align=left, , text width=6.5em}
}

% PACKAGE FOR TITLES -----------

\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{titlesec}

\titlespacing\section{0pt}{12pt plus 4pt minus 2pt}{0pt plus 2pt minus 2pt}
\titlespacing\subsection{0pt}{12pt plus 4pt minus 2pt}{0pt plus 2pt minus 2pt}
\titlespacing\subsubsection{0pt}{12pt plus 4pt minus 2pt}{0pt plus 2pt minus 2pt}

%PACKAGES -------------

\usepackage[phd]{edmaths}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{csquotes}
\usepackage{apacite}
\usepackage[inline]{enumitem}
\usepackage{cleveref}
\usepackage{enumitem}
\usepackage{url}

\usepackage{placeins}

\usepackage[super]{nth}

\setlength{\parindent}{2em}
\setlength{\parskip}{6pt}

\usepackage[none]{hyphenat}

%END PACKAGES ---------

\newcommand{\ndd}{Unpublished}

\begin{document}
\sloppy

\UseRawInputEncoding

\setcounter{tocdepth}{0}

Crikey! What big ∞∞ you have grandma!
Blimey! What big ••• you have grandma!
Streuth! What big §§§ you have grandma!

\bibliographystyle{apacite}
\bibliography{PhD_refs}

\end{document}


As you can see, it's an utter mess and, again, since the pdf is being built without interruption, I don't know when precisely this became a problem.

• Show a small, complete example of your code demonstrating the problem. – Ulrike Fischer Feb 19 at 17:14
• ... and welcome to TeX.SE by the way. TeX.SX starter guide – Thruston Feb 19 at 18:54
• What encoding are you using for that file? – Herb Schulz Feb 19 at 19:29
• @UlrikeFischer I've edited the initial post to include (what I hope is) the relevant code. – Chad Feb 20 at 17:21
• @HerbSchulz I've edited the initial post to include (what I hope is) the relevant code. – Chad Feb 20 at 17:23

Remove the \UseRawInputEncoding. Then give the ∞ a declaration. Then it should compile (assuming a current tex system + latex)

\documentclass[12pt,twoside,openright]{report}

\DeclareUnicodeCharacter{221E}{\ensuremath{\infty}}
\begin{document}

Crikey! What big ∞∞ you have grandma!
Blimey! What big ••• you have grandma!
Streuth! What big §§§ you have grandma!

\end{document}


• Okay, now I'm receiving the following error --- ! Package inputenc Error: Invalid UTF-8 byte sequence. See the inputenc package documentation for explanation. Type H <return> for immediate help. ... l.1193 Machery, �. % The document does not appear to be in UTF-8 encoding. Try adding \UseRawInputEncoding as the first line of the file or specify an encoding such as \usepackage [latin1]{inputenc} in the document preamble. Alternatively, save the file in UTF-8 using your editor or another tool ---- Any ideas on this? – Chad Feb 20 at 20:12
• Convert your document to utf8. That is the standard encoding nowadays. Make a backup first, in case you mess it up. – Ulrike Fischer Feb 20 at 20:22