Excuse me for this question, I am a beginner in latex.

I defined the package natbib to be able to use \citep{}. On the other hand, I used \begin{thebibliography}{} to prepare my references which gives me the error ! Package natbib Error: Bibliography not compatible with author-year citations.

I know that when using the package natbib, I should use bibtex for references but I prefer the first method. Is there a way to use the \citep and \begin{thebibliography}{} in the same time?

1 Answer 1


Is there a way to use natbib's citation commands and a hand-built thebibliography environment at the same time?

Yes. You must write the optional argument of each \bibitem directive, i.e., what's enclosed by [ and ], in a specific natbib-compatible format; see the documentation of natbib. For example:


\citep{jon90} \citet{jon90}

\bibitem[Jones et~al.(1990)]{jon90} some text


enter image description here

  • I've taken the liberty of expanding your answer slightly. Feel free to revert...
    – Mico
    Commented Feb 23, 2020 at 21:45

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .