# outer loop current in circuitikz

I've stumbled upon the following figure I'm trying to implement: The previous circuit is already made by me using circuitikz. There is a very simple way of making this figure using tikz, but before jumpstarting into it, I was wondering if there is a "circuitikz way" of making such picture. I've looked on the manual and didn't find anything.

The code for making this picture (without the red current):

    \begin{circuitikz} [american voltages]
\draw
(0,0)
node[ground] (terra1) {}
to[american voltage source, l=$V_{dc}$] ++(0,2.5)
to[R=$R_{dc}$] ++(2.5,0)
to[short, i=$I_{1}$] ++(0.5,0) coordinate (nocomum)
to[R, l=$R_{Load}$, v=$V_{out}$,i=$I_{out}$] ++(0,-2.5)
node[ground] (terra ref) {}
(nocomum) to[short,i^<=$I_{2}$] ++(0.5,0)
to[R=$R_{dc}$] ++(2.5,0)
to[american voltage source,invert, l=$V_{dc}$] ++(0,-2.5)
node[ground] (terra2) {}
;
\end{circuitikz}

• Yes, you are supposed to use TikZ for the elements that do exists in it, like the arrow --- circuitikz is not trying to reinvent the wheel ;-). The @Scrödinger's cat's answer is spot on Feb 28, 2020 at 18:43

This is a TikZ solution in case this does not exist in circuitikz or is difficult.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{circuitikz}
\begin{document}
\begin{circuitikz}[american voltages]
\begin{scope}[local bounding box=circuit]
\draw
(0,0)
node[ground] (terra1) {}
to[american voltage source, l=$V_{dc}$] ++(0,2.5)
to[R=$R_{dc}$] ++(2.5,0)
to[short, i=$I_{1}$] ++(0.5,0) coordinate (nocomum)
to[R, l=$R_{Load}$, v=$V_{out}$,i=$I_{out}$] ++(0,-2.5)
node[ground] (terra ref) {}
(nocomum) to[short,i^<=$I_{2}$] ++(0.5,0)
to[R=$R_{dc}$] ++(2.5,0)
to[american voltage source,invert, l=$V_{dc}$] ++(0,-2.5)
node[ground] (terra2) {}
;
\end{scope}
\draw[red,-stealth,rounded corners=1em] ([xshift=-1em]circuit.west) |-
([xshift=1em,yshift=1em]circuit.north east) --
node[right,font=\sffamily]{Ic12}
([xshift=1em]circuit.east);
\end{circuitikz}
\end{document} A small, off-topic variation of nice @Schrödinger's cat answer (+1):

\documentclass[margin=3mm]{standalone}
\usepackage{circuitikz}

\begin{document}
\begin{circuitikz} [american voltages]
\def\dc{\mathrm{dc}}
\def\out{\mathrm{out}}
\begin{scope}[local bounding box=circuit]
\draw   (0,0)   node[ground] {}
to[V=$V_{\dc}$,invert]  ++ (0,2.5)
to[R=$R_{\dc}$]  ++ (2.5,0)
to[short, i=$I_{1}$]    ++ (0.5,0) coordinate (nocomum)
to[R=$R_{\mathrm{Load}}$,
v=$V_{\out}$,
i=$I_{\out}$]    ++ (0,-2.5)
node[ground]  {}
(nocomum)   to[short,i^<=$I_{2}$]   ++(0.5,0)
to[R=$R_{\dc}$] ++ ( 2.5,0)
to[V=$V_{\dc}$] ++ (0,-2.5)
node[ground] {};
\end{scope}
\draw[-stealth, semithick, red, rounded corners=7mm]
([xshift=-1mm] circuit.west) |- ([yshift=1mm] circuit.north)
-| ([xshift=1mm] circuit.east)
node[pos=.75,right] {$I_{12}$};
\end{circuitikz}
\end{document} 