I've found this .cls template on the web and modified it a little bit (I deleted the title page part, otherwise my post would be to long):

%% This file is part of the LaTeX2e system. 
%% ---------------------------------------- 
\ProvidesClass{thesis}[2009/01/06 Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute]
%  Note that the setspace package is built in (code included near the end of 
%  this file) to provide "line-and-a half spacing" (1.4 by default) and also
%  the singlespace environment. 

% RPI option chap:
\newif\ifchap  % true for chap option
  \chapfalse   % false by default
\DeclareOption{chap}{\chaptrue} % option to print "Chapter" at each new chapter
\newcommand\docsize{}  % to allow 10pt or 11pt to be specified as option
%  Prepare to load the standard report class (12pt):
\ExecuteOptions{12pt}         % define 12pt as the default doc size
\LoadClass[\docsize]{report}  % load report.cls

%  The following sections are revisions or additions to report.cls
%  FOOTNOTES:   make them continuously numbered throughout document
% define command that can undo having footnotes reset with each chapter:
% (taken from removefr.sty by Donald Arseneau) 
   \expandafter\let\expandafter\@tempa\csname c@#1\endcsname
   \def\@elt##1{\expandafter\ifx\csname c@##1\endcsname\@tempa\else
   \expandafter\edef\csname cl@#2\endcsname{\csname cl@#2\endcsname}%
% use the command \@removefromreset to undo the \@addtoreset in report.cls:
% define command to allow people to reset footnote counter at will: 
\def\resetfootnote{\setcounter{footnote}{0}}  % definition to reset footnote

\if@twoside                 % Values for two-sided printing:
   \oddsidemargin .55in     %   Left margin on odd-numbered pages.
   \evensidemargin .05in    %   Left margin on even-numbered pages.
   \marginparwidth 40pt     %   Width of marginal notes.
\else                       % Values for one-sided printing:
   \oddsidemargin 0.55in    %   Note that \oddsidemargin = \evensidemargin
   \evensidemargin 0.55in
   \marginparwidth 40pt
\marginparsep 10pt          % Horizontal space between outer margin and
                            % marginal note
\textwidth 5.9in            % width of text

                         % Top of page:
\topmargin -.5in         %    distance from top of page to running head
\headheight 14pt         %    Height of box containing running head.
\headsep .4in            %    Space between running head and text.
\textheight 8.8in        %    space for text
\footskip 30pt           %    Distance from baseline of box containing foot
                         %    to baseline of last line of text.

%                            SECTION HEADINGS

\setcounter{secnumdepth}{3}    % Number subsubsections in the chapters
\setcounter{tocdepth}{3}       % Put subsubsections in the table of contents

% Print "CHAPTER" if chap option is specified:

\def\specialhead#1{%   GENERAL HEADING WITHOUT A NUMBER (for abstract, etc.)
     \chapter*{\centering #1 \@mkboth{#1}{#1}}}

\def\@chapter[#1]#2{\ifnum\c@firstchapter=0    % start of rpi added stuff
                    \pagestyle{myheadings}      % end of rpi added stuff
                    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
%                    \addtocontents{lof}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
%                    \addtocontents{lot}{\protect\addvspace{10\p@}}%
  {\parindent \z@ \raggedright \centering \normalfont \chaptersize
    \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
         \bfseries \@chapapp{} \thechapter    % print "Chapter" and number
         \vskip -3pt           %\par\nobreak (original)
         \bfseries \thechapter. 
    \bfseries #1\par\nobreak
    \vskip 15\p@

\def\@makeschapterhead#1{%    heading for chapter* command (no numbering)
  {\parindent \z@ \raggedright \centering
    \normalfont  \chaptersize 
    \bfseries  #1\par\nobreak
    \vskip 15\p@

\renewcommand\section{\@startsection {section}{1}{\z@}%
                                   {3.5ex \@plus 1ex \@minus .2ex}%
                                   {.5ex \@plus .3ex}%{1.4ex \@plus.2ex}%
                                     {3.25ex\@plus 1ex \@minus .2ex}%
                                     {.3ex \@plus .2ex}%{1.2ex \@plus .2ex}%
                                     {3.25ex\@plus 1ex \@minus .2ex}%
                                     {.2ex \@plus .1ex}%{1ex \@plus .2ex}%
% \paragraph and \subparagraph headings unchanged from report.cls.


%control float placement:

  \sbox\@tempboxa{\bfseries#1:~~#2}%   Make caption bold
  \ifdim \wd\@tempboxa >\hsize
   {\bfseries #1:~~#2}\par%            Make caption bold
    \global \@minipagefalse


    \vskip -1em \begin{singlespace}      % singlespacing

\renewcommand*\l@chapter{\pagebreak[3]\vskip 10pt plus 1pt minus 1pt
\renewcommand*\l@section{\vskip 6pt plus 1pt minus 1pt
\renewcommand*\l@subsection{\ifnum\c@tocdepth>1\vskip 4pt minus 1pt \fi
\renewcommand*\l@subsubsection{\ifnum\c@tocdepth>2 \vskip 3pt minus 1pt \fi

% The following removed because it's not consistent with entries from longtable
%% modify the definition below (taken from latex.ltx) to include 
%% "Table" and "Figure" in entries for lot and lof: 
%\long\def\@caption#1[#2]#3{%\baselineskip 14.5 pt
%  \addcontentsline{\csname ext@#1\endcsname}{#1}%
%  {\protect\numberline{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #2}}%
%  \begingroup
%    \@parboxrestore
%    \normalsize
%    \@makecaption{\csname fnum@#1\endcsname}{\ignorespaces #3}\par
%  \endgroup}

    \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\listfigurename}  % add lof to toc
    \chapter*{\centering\listfigurename  % center it
    \vskip -1em \begin{singlespace}  % singlespacing

    \addcontentsline{toc}{chapter}{\listtablename}  % add lot to toc
    \chapter*{\centering\listtablename  % center it
        \vskip -1em \begin{singlespace}  % singlespacing

%remove following at same time as remove code to put "Figure" in LOF
%\renewcommand*\l@figure{\vskip 10pt plus 1pt minus 1pt
%                       \@dottedtocline{1}{0em}{5.8em}}

\renewcommand*\l@figure{\vskip 10pt plus 1pt minus 1pt


% RPI def: for use in making an unnumbered bibliography with hanging indents

% report definition modified for no automatic heading and use ragged right

       {\@latex@warning{Empty `thebibliography' environment}}%

% make the following names uppercase:
\renewcommand\listfigurename{LIST OF FIGURES}
\renewcommand\listtablename{LIST OF TABLES}



\setstretch{1.4}        % at 11 or 12pt this is line-and-a-half spacing
\parindent .4in         % Width of paragraph indentation

\markboth{}{}           % Do not include chapter titles in headers;
\pagestyle{myheadings}  % include just page numbers in upper right

\renewcommand{\bibalign}{\raggedright}  %  bibliography is ragged right
% for fully justified bibliography: \renewcommand{\bibalign}{}

%% End of file `thesis.cls'.

The problem is the following: The numbering of the theorem is like this: 1.0.3, where 1 (chapter). 0 (section) 3.(the number of the object in this section). I would like to modify the .cls template in such a way, that section starts counting at 1 instead of 0. How could I fix this, which means what do I have to change in this template? Thanks for your help


  • 1
    The section counter is incremented by the \section command. If you increment the counter manualy with \stepcounter{section} before the first section header then you first section will be numberd 2. The answer is to put a section header before your first theorem. The zero you see is correct because there are no section header yet,
    – Danie Els
    Apr 25, 2012 at 10:50
  • 1
    It would be helpful if you augmented your posting with a MWE that generates the unwanted behavior. From your description alone, it would appear that you have a \chapter statement and later a \subsubsection statement, but no intermediate \subsection statement. If that's the case, there's nothing wrong with the class file you're working with.
    – Mico
    Apr 25, 2012 at 10:53
  • Thanks you both for your comments. Sorry if my questions was not that clear. My first chapter is the Introduction. There I do not want to subdivide it into different sections. But I also want that a Theorem is stated like: Theorem 1.1.1 instead of Theorem 1.0.1
    – m. th
    Apr 25, 2012 at 11:02
  • So you just need to put \stepcounter{section} immediately after \chapter{Introduction}, and likewise for any other chapters that are not divided into sections. It's a bit odd to have theorems in the introduction, though! Apr 25, 2012 at 12:06
  • perfect, that's exactly what I wanted!
    – m. th
    Apr 25, 2012 at 12:52

1 Answer 1


If you are using a theorem number of 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc in a chapter without sections it can be very confusing. I recommend that you reset the theorem counter to a lower level for such chapter, e.g. 1.1, 1.2, etc.

I cannot see where the theorem definition is but assume it is with the amsthm package. See code below

Edit 1: Move \setthmtochp and \setthmtosec before \chapter commands



    \@removefromreset{thm}{chapter}% just in case ... (no harm done)
    \@removefromreset{thm}{section}% just in case ... (no harm done)

\setthmtochp%--Edit 1
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}

\setthmtosec%--Edit 1
\chapter{First Chapter}
\section{A section}
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}

\section{A section}
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}
\begin{thm}[The title]Some statements ... \end{thm}

I see that \@removefromreset is already defined in your class and you may not need the remreset package.

  • @math: Please see changes where \setthmtochp and \setthmtosec was moved to be before \chapter commands
    – Danie Els
    Apr 25, 2012 at 13:49

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