# Footnote citation and bibliography different styles

I am working on my Master’s thesis using the book class. I need to write the citations both as footnotes in the text and to collect them at the end in the Bibliography chapter. To do this, I need two different styles, one for the footnote citations and one for the bibliography entries.

I have created the footnote style that I need thanks to the xpatch package. However, I do not understand how to change the style of the entries in the bibliography at the end of the thesis (at the moment, the two styles are the same).

For the footnote citations, they have to appear as:

N. Surname et al., Title of the paper. Title of the journal, Editor, Year, pages

For the bibliography entries, they have to appear as:

Surname Name, Title of the paper. Title of the journal, Editor, Year

This is the MWE (the footnote citation style is correct, the bibliography style is wrong). I compile using XeLaTeX and Biber:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{book}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{amsfonts}
\usepackage[style=verbose,
doi=false,
firstinits=true,
maxbibnames=99
]{biblatex}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\usepackage{titlesec}
\usepackage{titletoc}
\usepackage{xpatch}

\usepackage[english]{babel}

\setmainfont{Arial}

\pagestyle{plain}

\titleformat{\chapter}[hang]
{\normalfont\huge\bfseries}{\thechapter}{1em}{}

% et al. italics
\xpatchbibmacro{name:andothers}{%
\bibstring{andothers}%
}{%
\bibstring[\emph]{andothers}%
}{}{}

\usepackage{xpatch}

\DeclareFieldFormat[book]{title}{\textit{#1}\nopunct}
\renewbibmacro{in:}{ in\nopunct}
\DeclareFieldFormat{pages}{#1}

\setlength\bibitemsep{1.5\itemsep}

%**BEGIN DOCUMENT**
\begin{document}

\chapter{Introduction}
Lorem ipsum\footcite{Aiello2014}
Lorem ipsum\footcite{Arksey1999}

\printbibliography

\end{document}


This is the Bib.bib file

%Aiello_Bulgherano
@article{Aiello2014,
title={{An assessment of the Beerkan method for determining the hydraulic properties of a sandy loam soil}},
author={Aiello, R and Bagarello, V and Barbagallo, S and Consoli, S and Di Prima, S and Giordano, G and Iovino, M},
journal={Geoderma},
volume={235},
pages={300--307},
year={2014},
doi={10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.07.024}
}

%Arksey
@book{Arksey1999,
title={Interviewing for social scientists: An introductory resource with examples},
author={Arksey, Hilary and Knight, Peter T},
year={1999},
publisher={Sage}
}


The footnote citations should look like this (the first is a paper and the second is a book):

The bibliography citations should look like this (the first is a paper and the second is a book):

• Is the only difference between citations and the bibliography the name format and number of names or is there more (for example in other entry types)? I'm also a bit confused about the "et al.": Do you want all names in the bibliography and only a certain number of names in the citation (possibly truncated by "et al.")? Or do you want the same number of names in both cases, and simply drop the "et al." in the bibliography (sounds like a bad idea)? – moewe Mar 22 at 13:27
• Completely off-topic: Since you are using XeLaTeX you should drop \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} (XeLaTeX is always UTF-8, this one is harmless I think, but it still should be dropped) and \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} (this chooses different fonts, is probably overridden by fontspec later, but I would still remove it as it should basically never be used with Unicode engines). – moewe Mar 22 at 13:30
• Slightly more on-topic again: It is enough to load packages once, so you can drop the second \usepackage{xpatch}. You may want to consider loading csquotes for proper quotation mark support in biblatex, that may allow us to find a more elegant way to say \DeclareFieldFormat{journaltitle}{\guillemotleft #1\guillemotright \addcomma} . – moewe Mar 22 at 13:32
• The footnote citation should have the first author and the "et al." (e.g. A. Smith et al.), whereas the bibliography should have listed all the authors with full names and surnames. There is this difference not only with papers but also with books (this is why I put a paper and a book in the .bib example). Thank you also for the other suggestions – GLB Mar 22 at 13:56
• OK. One more thing: You say "Name Surname" in the bibliography, does that mean you want "Anne Uthor" and not say, "Uthor, Anne"? That would be a bit unusual, since the bibliography is sorted by (family) names and that would mean that the first letter in a bibliography entry is not necessarily the letter that determines the sort order. – moewe Mar 22 at 14:09

There are still a few aspects of the style that are a bit unclear to me, but I guess the following should get you pretty far already.

As I read the question it is mainly about the name format. The name format you need to change is called sortname. In the citation we need a format that gives us given name inital and family name (the new format g-family).

cite:full is just a copy of the cite:full from verbose.cbx, ll. 93-99, with the name format changed.

In the bibliography we want the "family given" name order and no comma between the parts (that is controlled by \revsdnamepunct).

I slightly rewrote your method to put commas between the elements of the reference: It is slightly easier and cleaner with \renewcommand*{\newunitpunct}{\addcomma\space}.

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage[style=verbose,
maxbibnames=999,
doi=false,
]{biblatex}

\DeclareNameFormat{g-family}{%
\usebibmacro{name:given-family}
{\namepartfamily}
{\namepartgiveni}
{\namepartprefix}
{\namepartsuffix}%
\usebibmacro{name:andothers}}

\renewbibmacro*{cite:full}{%
\usebibmacro{cite:full:citepages}%
\printtext[bibhypertarget]{%
\usedriver
{\DeclareNameAlias{sortname}{g-family}}
{\thefield{entrytype}}}%
\usebibmacro{shorthandintro}}

\usepackage{xpatch}
\xpatchbibmacro{name:andothers}{%
\bibstring{andothers}%
}{%
\bibstring[\emph]{andothers}%
}{}{}

\renewcommand*{\finentrypunct}{}

\DeclareNameAlias{sortname}{family-given}
\renewcommand*{\revsdnamepunct}{}

\DeclareFieldFormat[article]{title}{\mkbibemph{#1}}
\DeclareFieldFormat{journaltitle}{\guillemotleft #1\guillemotright}
\DeclareFieldFormat{pages}{#1}

\setlength\bibitemsep{1.5\itemsep}

\begin{filecontents}{\jobname.bib}
@article{Aiello2014,
title   = {An assessment of the Beerkan method for determining
the hydraulic properties of a sandy loam soil},
author  = {Aiello, R. and Bagarello, V. and Barbagallo, S. and Consoli, S.
and Di Prima, S. and Giordano, G. and Iovino, M.},
journal = {Geoderma},
volume  = {235},
pages   = {300--307},
year    = {2014},
doi     = {10.1016/j.geoderma.2014.07.024}
}
@book{Arksey1999,
title     = {Interviewing for social scientists: An introductory resource with examples},
author    = {Arksey, Hilary and Knight, Peter T.},
year      = {1999},
publisher = {Sage}
}
\end{filecontents}