I am using JabRef to manage my bibliography. I have some laws that I need to cite, but I am unsure how to do this.

In this particular case, I am citing a regulation, which is referenced by the law. The regulation is of a technical nature (specifically it deals with minimum requirements for grid-interconnection of wind energy systems), and I just need to know which specific biblatex styles would be appropriate here.

Here's what I have considered:

  • @article doesn't seem appropriate, because author is a required field, and regulations don't have authors.
  • @misc seemed like the next obvious choice, but it has no field for journal title, at least in JabRef. This regulation is published in a legal gazette, so a serial title would be useful here.
  • @other doesn't include a title field (again, in JabRef at least)
  • @standard also seems like it might be appropriate, but here institution is a required field, and one generally doesn't write "the government"

The regulation being cited is German, in case that bit of information is useful. I know about the biblatex-juradiss package, but I am not writing a legal paper, here, so it's not appropriate. I just need a little guidance.

EDIT: Here is an example which may help. I got it from "Bibliographieren — ... aber wie?" by Jan Wohlgemuth.

[27] Grundgesetz für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland vom 23. Mai 1949. (BGBl. S.1) BGBl. III, 100-1. In der Fassung vom 28.6.1993, zuletzt geändert durch das 39.
Gesetz zur Änderung des Grundgesetzes (BGBl. I 1002).

The thing is, I don't want to add a whole additional biblatex package just for this one citation, and I'm thinking there has to be a standard approach using the existing citation styles.

  • 4
    May you give us some examples of how it should look like please?
    – Thorsten
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:40
  • Just as a remark: @other and @standard don't exist in biblatex.
    – Thorsten
    Apr 27, 2012 at 16:46
  • Blast. I see now that I didn't have JabRef in biblatex mode. Apr 27, 2012 at 18:04
  • 2
    Biblatex does have @legislation, but none of the standard styles know how to deal with it, so its treated as @misc. Apr 27, 2012 at 18:14
  • 1
    Slightly related: tex.stackexchange.com/questions/76248/…
    – Christian
    Jul 16, 2013 at 15:18

2 Answers 2


In addition to the biblatex package you mention, you may also want to check out the biblatex-jura style.


This is what I did using bibtex while citing an Australian Law in a non-legal paper:

  author={{The Parliament of Australia}},
  title={Criminal Proceeds Confiscation Act 2002 - Sect. 104},

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .