Here is the code.

\directlua{tex.sprint(tostring(math.sin(math.pi)))} \\

I am expecting the answers as 0 and error . The code above gives some very small and big number. Can I get the expected answers by some modifications in code?

  • Why are you expecting 0 and inf? Because these are the analytical values? That is not how a computer evaluates these functions. – Henri Menke Apr 16 '20 at 7:41
  • 1
    Your code also shows the number one gotcha of LuaTeX, namely calling tex.sprint with a number. Always use tex.sprint(tostring(<number>)) unless you know what you are doing. – Henri Menke Apr 16 '20 at 7:54
  • @HenriMenke Is there a library to perform these types of calculations in LaTeX? If not, has Lua and LuaTeX enough Capabilities in which such library can be developed for LaTeX? I am referring to this christopheremoore.net/symbolic-lua – user61681 Apr 16 '20 at 8:12
  • In principle yes, you can use the library you linked but there is a bug in lualibs that prevents that currently: github.com/latex3/lualibs/issues/2 – Henri Menke Apr 17 '20 at 0:14

In the comments you have proposed using a library for symbolic calculations, which I think is a good solution to this problem.

To this end, you have to download the library you linked and its dependencies. Because they are hosted on GitHub I download them using Git.

git clone https://github.com/thenumbernine/symmath-lua symmath
git clone https://github.com/thenumbernine/lua-ext ext

Then my document directory looks something like this:

├── ext
│   [...]
│   ├── ext.lua
│   [...]
├── symmath
│   [...]
│   ├── symmath.lua
│   [...]
└── test.tex

Then the MWE below can be used. There I have to work around three distinct bugs.

  1. symmath aggressively tries to use FFI to speed up complex number operations. FFI is always available in LuaTeX but only usable when shell escape is enabled, so I remove FFI when shell escape is not enabled.

  2. The Lua package loader that is installed by lualibs has some kind of bug which does not allow two questions marks in the package.path. I'm not sure what is causing this, so I've reported it here: https://github.com/latex3/lualibs/issues/2

    Instead I just use package.searchpath and pass the modified path by hand without modifying package.path.

  3. symmath expects Constant to be in the global scope which is not the default.

-- Disable FFI without shell escape
if status.shell_escape ~= 1 then
    package.loaded.ffi = nil

-- Work around loader bug
local file, err = package.searchpath("symmath", package.path .. ";./?/?.lua")
if not err then
    package.preload["symmath"] = loadfile(file)

-- Load symmath
sym = require("symmath")
Constant = sym.Constant -- bug in symmath
\[ \sin\pi = \directlua{tex.sprint(tostring(sym.eval(sym.sin(sym.pi))))} \]
\[ \tan\pi/2 = \directlua{tex.sprint(tostring(sym.eval(sym.tan(sym.pi / 2))))} \]

enter image description here

  • This is nice wayout. I am curious to know your views about symath. Is symmath well built and structured to serve as mini computer algebra system for luaLaTeX or is there scope to start new project which can serve as mini computer algebra system for luaLaTeX? – user61681 Apr 17 '20 at 13:13
  • @user61681 I haven't looked at symmath in too much detail but it seems to be very versatile. You could have a look at the tests to see what can be done. You should not use the setup function with LuaTeX, though, because that pulls all kinds of things into the global namespace that will clash with LuaLaTeX internals. – Henri Menke Apr 17 '20 at 23:10
  • Thanks for your reply. – user61681 Apr 18 '20 at 5:40
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    Hello, symmath author here. Thanks for using symmath. I saw your point #3 and cleaned up a few of the dangling require 'symmath.Constant' references in the code. Hopefully the bugs are fixed. Feel free to report them. Also, you can use require 'symmath'.setup{env=env} in combination with setfenv/_ENV to unload the API into a local scope and not pollute the global namespace. In fact, I added examples of this to most the tests (in my effort to cleanup the dangling require 'symmath.Constant' references). – thenumbernine Apr 24 '20 at 13:40

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