# Customizing the bst file - disable the italic form of the elements

In a previous post I asked how one can customize an alpha style-type bst file.

Now, I would like to know how I can change the font of some element (e.g., the titles). In particular, some elements are in italic form. How can I remove that?

• Do you want to disable italicization globally in the bibliography, or just for some elements? If it's the latter, which ones might they be?
– Mico
Jun 21 '20 at 11:21
• @Mico I would like to disable italicization globally. I thought, bolding the volume number is rather a minor change, therefore, I asked both question in one post. Jun 21 '20 at 11:38
• @Mico Query edited. I will post the other query separately later. Jun 21 '20 at 13:37

I take it you're using a modified version of the file alpha.bst. It contains a function called emphasize, which is invoked in more than a dozen different instances throughout the bst file.

Rather than edit these dozen+ different instances, I suggest disabling the function itself. In the modified bst file, look for the following code block:

FUNCTION {emphasize}
{ duplicate$empty$
{ pop$"" } { "{\em " swap$ * "}" * }
if$}  (Depending on the vintage of your bst file, it may say { "\emph{" swap$ * "}" * } instead of { "{\em " swap\$ * "}" * }.)

Change the code block to

FUNCTION {emphasize}
{}


which, effectively, makes it an empty shell that does nothing at all -- exactly what you want it to be, right?