I am new so please do not judge me.

I am using Overleaf to create my LaTex documents and would like to use the IEEEtran BibTex style in order to manage my references. Since I am sometimes writing my papers in German I would like to know if there is a way to change the bibstyle to German. Particularly I would like to get rid of the "[Online]. Available:" in the references when quoting a website and replace it by some German text.

My bibliography:

  title = {asdf},
  url = {asdf.at},

How I create the bibliography:


The output in the pdf: [1] asdf. [Online]. Available: asdf.at

Here I would like to have e.g. "Verfügbar" instead of "Available".

If you need more information feel free to ask. Thanks.

  • 1
    You cannot, these are hardwired in. You may need to find IEEEtran.bst and make you own German version of it.
    – daleif
    Commented Jul 8, 2020 at 12:53
  • Thanks, that worked. I downloaded the original and just changes the "Available" to "Verfügbar".
    – zimmij73
    Commented Jul 8, 2020 at 12:58
  • Make sure to save it under another name. And there is probably many more such strings that needs translation.
    – daleif
    Commented Jul 8, 2020 at 13:04
  • Yeah thanks, I will just change everything when it comes up in my literature.
    – zimmij73
    Commented Jul 8, 2020 at 13:10
  • "when it comes up in my literature" - speaking of experience, chances are astronomical that you will either miss some or need to invest valueable time close to the end of the project with this approach.
    – bers
    Commented Jul 9, 2020 at 5:06

1 Answer 1


This specific text can be edited using the IEEEtran BST Control, as described here.

There are two steps:

  1. Add an IEEEtranBSTCTL entry to any of the included .bib files and edit the CTLname_url_prefix property. In your case, add this to your bibliography.bib:
  CTLname_url_prefix = "[Online]. Verfügbar:"
  1. Then, in the main .tex file, cite this entry using a special command:

This must be done before citing other entries. I recommend adding the \bstctlcite right after your \begin{document}. \bstctlcite is silent, meaning it does not add any entry to the bibliography and it does not show in the text.

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