I'm working mainly with the amsart class, and like many academics, I use footnotes quite liberally in my papers. But unlike many academics, I take overful and underful warning quite seriously.

Sometimes I get an overful vbox warning, and tracking it down shows that the fault lies with the footnotes, and normally by a depressing 1.8pt or so. My solution so far was to rewrite some of the text, but this can end up with having to rewrite half a page sometimes. Which seems like taking the warning a bit too seriously.

What can I do, then? Is there a way to tell LaTeX to take this into consideration when paginating and maybe push one more line to the next page?

  • latex does (should) take the footnotes into consideration, so the question is why isn't that happening here. You can usually avoid overfull hboxes by re-wording the text but normally the vertical extent isn't influenced by the particular wording, unless you are making the paragraph a line shorter? Given no input it's hard to guess why you are getting overfull hboxes so hard to suggest what to try changing. – David Carlisle Sep 17 '20 at 14:19
  • Does it look off when you view the output? If it looks fine, you can always set \vfuzz=2pt in the document preamble. As @DavidCarlisle says, without more information (perhaps some images of document pages?) it's hard to offer specific advice. – Don Hosek Sep 17 '20 at 16:33
  • @DavidCarlisle I meant rewording, rephrasing, or even completely rewriting. Yes. It's hard to give examples, since they only happen in "organic writing", and I am reluctant to post my actual papers here. (Not that it would get stolen, it's just that there's a reason I'm Ink Blot and not my real name.) – Ink blot Sep 17 '20 at 21:53
  • @DonHosek: It's very hard to recognize a 2pt vertical overflow in the comments. When I enable showframe, you can see that it cuts through the last line of the footnote, yes. – Ink blot Sep 17 '20 at 21:54
  • @Inkblot there is no need to post any private text, just take your document and cut it down to a one or two page example with the problem, then as it's just the vertical extent that is an issue, replace any (say) five line paragraph by zz\\zz\\zz\\zz\\zz and check you get the same overfull box, adjust if not (you may need a descender and have to use zzy or whatever it takes, then post the result. – David Carlisle Sep 17 '20 at 22:23

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