# Decrease vertical space between figure and figure note

I use the caption package to have figure titles above and notes below the figure. I follow this suggestion to define a new command that calls the caption* command with appropriate settings. However, the space between the figure and the note (another caption) is too large. How can I make it smaller? The skip setting only changes the space after the note. I tried to specify abovecaptionskip directly but that is "undefined in families caption'".

Here are the relevant code chunks that I use, and below a screenshot what is produced where I highlighted the space I want to decrease.

# preamble
\usepackage[bf, justification=centering]{caption}
\newcommand\fnote[1]{\captionsetup{font=small,justification=justified}\caption*{#1}}

# figure
\begin{figure}[htb]
\caption{Comparison of the retirement effect estimate by gender}
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{figure}
\end{center}
\fnote{{\it Notes:} The dots ...}
\end{figure}


• Please show the code that gives rise to the screenshot you posted. In particular, do please show both the \caption and the \caption* instructions. – Mico Sep 20 at 18:33
• @Mico you are absolutely right, I edited the question. – janosdivenyi Sep 20 at 18:40
• Replace the center environment with the \centering command. This should help you get rid of the additional vertical white space around the image. – leandriis Sep 20 at 18:46

Don't use a center environment, don't use \caption* for the legend below the graphic, and provide the instruction \captionsetup{skip=0.333\baselineskip} to reduce the distance between the caption and the figure.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[demo]{graphicx} % omit 'demo' option in real document
\usepackage[justification=centering,
labelfont=bf,
skip=0.333\baselineskip]{caption}

\begin{document}
\begin{figure}[htb]
\caption{Comparison of the retirement effect estimate by gender}
\includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{figfile}

\smallskip\small
\textit{Notes}: The dots represent $\hat{\beta}$, the lines \dots
\end{figure}
\end{document}

• Don't you need [position=above]? – John Kormylo Sep 20 at 19:55
• @JohnKormylo - The position=above option isn't needed as long as the \caption statement precedes the \includegraphics` directive; this would seem to be the OP's plan all along. – Mico Sep 20 at 20:58
• I thought it switched \abovecaptionskip and \belowcaptionskip (as is done automatically with tables). – John Kormylo Sep 21 at 14:50