# force the text to start in the second column in each chapter of a two-column document

I have tried without success to force the text to start automatically in the second column of each chapter including in the bibliography

\documentclass[twocolumn,spanish,10pt, letterpaper,openany]{scrbook}
\usepackage{lipsum}

\begin{document}
\chapter{Test}
\starthalfpage
\section{Test}
\lipsum[1-3]\cite{1}

\bibliographystyle{pain}
\bibliography{sample}
\end{document}


Can somebody help me? thanks

The (internal) command \@topnewpage should be the best place to insert some extra formatting commands (lacking an official "hook" for such insertion). That will apply to several similar places: after \maketitle and \part, as well as after \chapter -- whether explicit or hiding in the bibliography. Scrbook uses a redefined version of \@topnewpage which ends with a command \@at@twocolumnfalse, so target that.
\newcommand{\starthalfpage}{\par\vspace*{\fill}\break}

Don't use \starthalfpage explicitly in the document unless you are really forced to.