I use marginfigure so that small figures can be right by the text referring to them. But I can't stop the captions extending into the footer.

Here's an example:


% to load the image

% let's get that page number across to the figure



Use \textbackslash{}vfill to quickly get near the bottom of the page.


Aaaand we're back. Now let's add the margin figure. Works best with a tall/portrait image.

  \caption{A long, but not unreasonably long, figure caption that extends into the footer and depending on your pagestyle can overwrite the page number (which looks weird, a number floating in your caption).}


It looks like the marginfigure is vertically centered, but without restriction on how far the caption text extends down.

Can I stop this from happening, or is it on me to insert a bunch of page breaks?

(Disclaimer: I'm relatively new to latex)


The marginfigure and its caption are set in a minipage with its default center positioning, which will not break across pages.

You can either put the marginfigure higher on the page or ask Lars Madsen (daleif@math.au.dk), the maintainer of memoir to do something like enabling the minipage bandt` options.

In any case you, on occasions, will have to manually control the result --- marginfigure too low with default or t option will extend below the normal text or marginfigure too high with default or b option will extend above the normal text.

  • I don't want to break it across pages, but in this case I think the whole thing should float onto the next page? – Doug Oct 7 '20 at 16:06
  • A marginfigure is not a float and to make it into one would take a lot of work for, in my view, no good purpose. Have you contacted Lars Madsen? – Peter Wilson Oct 7 '20 at 17:18
  • But - the documentation says it is a float. (It's in "10.1.1 Margin floats" in the memoir docs.) But whether it is or not isn't the point, the question is why it can extend down past the limit if it was say a figure. I'll ping Lars. – Doug Oct 7 '20 at 19:45
  • @Doug It is a float in the sense that \marginpar generates a float in the margin. The implemtation used here is equivalent to \marginpar{\parbox{4cm}{\rule{4cm}{4cm}\par some text}} instead of your marginfigure. Try adding that to an article based document and you'll get the same result, extending below the bottom. – daleif Oct 8 '20 at 13:51
  • @Doug the placement gets even worse if you remove the \parbox and just use text, for example \kant*[1] from the kantlipsum package – daleif Oct 8 '20 at 13:54

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.