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I have the following code within my thesis in Latex.

\documentclass[12pt]{ociamthesis}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,amsfonts}
\usepackage{subfigure}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{xcolor}
\usepackage{algpseudocode}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{gensymb}
\usepackage{caption}%for subfloat images
\usepackage[ruled,linesnumbered]{algorithm2e}
\newenvironment{program}[1][htb]
{\renewcommand{\algorithmcfname}{Program}% Update algorithm name
    \begin{algorithm}[#1]%
    }{\end{algorithm}}
\usepackage{commath}

\usepackage{xr}
\externaldocument{chapter1}

\title........

When I build the aforementioned latex file it gives me the following error:

Command \degree already defined. \newcommand\degree{}

Can someone let m know how to get rid of the error? (Which package is causing this apart from 'gensymb'?)

Appendix::

The ociamthesis.cls contains the following code:

%
% ociamthesis v2.2
% By Keith A. Gillow <[email protected]>
% Version 1.0 released 26/11/1997
%-------------------------- identification ---------------------
\NeedsTeXFormat{LaTeX2e}
\ProvidesClass{ociamthesis}[2010/11/22 v2.2 OCIAM thesis class]
%-------------------------- initial code -----------------------
\def\logoversion{squarelogo}
\DeclareOption{beltcrest}{\def\logoversion{beltcrest}}
\DeclareOption{shieldcrest}{\def\logoversion{shieldcrest}}
\DeclareOption*{\PassOptionsToClass{\CurrentOption}{report}}
\ProcessOptions\relax
\LoadClass[a4paper]{report}
% As an alternative to the above could use next line for twosided output
%\LoadClass[a4paper,twoside,openright]{report}

\RequirePackage{graphicx} % needed for latest frontpage logo
\RequirePackage{ifthen}   % needed for option parsing for logo

\raggedbottom

%define the default submitted text
\newcommand{\submittedtext}{{A thesis submitted to the University of Essex in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of}}

%
% DECLARATIONS
%
% These macros are used to declare arguments needed for the
% construction of the title page and other preamble.

% The year and term the thesis is submitted 
\def\degreedate#1{\gdef\@degreedate{#1}}
% The full (unabbreviated) name of the degree
\def\degree#1{\gdef\@degree{#1}}
% The name of your Oxford college (e.g. Christ Church, Pembroke)
\def\college#1{\gdef\@college{#1}}


%
% Setup choosen crest/logo
%

\ifthenelse{\equal{\logoversion}{shieldcrest}}%
{
% Traditional Oxford shield crest
%Using latex metafont (Mathematical Institute system)
\font\crestfont=oxcrest40 scaled\magstep3
\def\logo{{\crestfont \char1}}
%For comlab system replace 1st line above with
%\font\crestfont=crest scaled\magstep3
}{}

\ifthenelse{\equal{\logoversion}{beltcrest}}%
{
% Newer Oxford Belt crest
%Using latex metafont (Mathematical Institute system)
\font\beltcrestfont=oxbeltcrest
\def\logo{{\beltcrestfont \char0}}
%For comlab system replace 1st line above with
%\font\beltcrestfont=newcrest
}{}

\ifthenelse{\equal{\logoversion}{squarelogo}}%
{
% Latest Logo, Square version (the default!)
% you need an oxlogo.eps or oxlogo.pdf file as appropriate
\def\logo{{\includegraphics[width=42mm]{essexlogo.jpg}}}
}{}

%
% Define text area of page and margin offsets
%
\setlength{\topmargin}{0.0in}
\setlength{\oddsidemargin}{0.33in}
\setlength{\evensidemargin}{-0.08in}
\setlength{\textheight}{9.0in}
\setlength{\textwidth}{6.0in}

%
% Environments
%

% This macro define an environment for front matter that is always 
% single column even in a double-column document.

\newenvironment{alwayssingle}{%
       \@restonecolfalse
       \if@twocolumn\@restonecoltrue\onecolumn
       \else\if@openright\cleardoublepage\else\clearpage\fi
       \fi}%
       {\if@restonecol\twocolumn
       \else\newpage\thispagestyle{empty}\fi}

%define title page layout
\renewcommand{\maketitle}{%
\begin{alwayssingle}
    \renewcommand{\footnotesize}{\small}
    \renewcommand{\footnoterule}{\relax}
    \thispagestyle{empty}
  \null\vfill
  \begin{center}
    { \Huge {\bfseries {\@title}} \par}
{\large \vspace*{40mm} {\logo \par} \vspace*{25mm}}
    {{\Large \@author} \par}
{\large \vspace*{1ex}
    {{\@college} \par}
\vspace*{1ex}
    {University of Essex \par}
\vspace*{25mm}
    {{\submittedtext} \par}
\vspace*{1ex}
    {\it {\@degree} \par}
\vspace*{2ex}
    {\@degreedate}}
  \end{center}
  \null\vfill
\end{alwayssingle}}

% DEDICATION
%
% The dedication environment makes sure the dedication gets its
% own page and is set out in verse format.

\newenvironment{dedication}
{\begin{alwayssingle}
  \thispagestyle{empty}
  \begin{center}
  \vspace*{1.5cm}
  {\LARGE }
  \end{center}
  \vspace{0.5cm}
  \begin{verse}\begin{center}}
{\end{center}\end{verse}\end{alwayssingle}}


% ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
%
% The acknowledgements environment puts a large, bold, centered 
% "Acknowledgements" label at the top of the page. The acknowledgements
% themselves appear in a quote environment, i.e. tabbed in at both sides, and
% on its own page.

\newenvironment{acknowledgements}
{\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
\begin{center}
\vspace*{1.5cm}
{\Large \bfseries Acknowledgements}
\end{center}
\vspace{0.5cm}
\begin{quote}}
{\end{quote}\end{alwayssingle}}

% The acknowledgementslong environment puts a large, bold, centered 
% "Acknowledgements" label at the top of the page. The acknowledgement itself 
% does not appears in a quote environment so you can get more in.

\newenvironment{acknowledgementslong}
{\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
\begin{center}
\vspace*{1.5cm}
{\Large \bfseries Acknowledgements}
\end{center}
\vspace{0.5cm}}
{\end{alwayssingle}}

% STATEMENT OF ORIGINALITY (AS SUGGESTED BY GSW)
%
% The originality environment puts a large, bold, centered 
% "Statement of originality" label at the top of the page. The statement 
% of originality itself appears in a quote environment, i.e. tabbed in at 
% both sides, and on its own page.

\newenvironment{originality}
{\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
\begin{center}
\vspace*{1.5cm}
{\Large \bfseries Statement of Originality}
\end{center}
\vspace{0.5cm}
\begin{quote}}
{\end{quote}\end{alwayssingle}}

% The originalitylong environment puts a large, bold, centered 
% "Statement of originality" label at the top of the page. The statement 
% of originality itself does not appears in a quote environment so you can 
% get more in.

\newenvironment{originalitylong}
{\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
\begin{center}
\vspace*{1.5cm}
{\Large \bfseries Statement of Originality}
\end{center}
\vspace{0.5cm}}
{\end{alwayssingle}}


%ABSTRACT
%
%The abstract environment puts a large, bold, centered "Abstract" label at
%the top of the page. The abstract itself appears in a quote environment,
%i.e. tabbed in at both sides, and on its own page.

\renewenvironment{abstract} {\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
  \begin{center}
  \vspace*{1.5cm}
  {\Large \bfseries  Abstract}
  \end{center}
  \vspace{0.5cm}
   \begin{quote}}
{\end{quote}\end{alwayssingle}}

%The abstractlong environment puts a large, bold, centered "Abstract" label at
%the top of the page. The abstract itself does not appears in a quote
%environment so you can get more in.

\newenvironment{abstractlong} {\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
  \begin{center}
  \vspace*{1.5cm}
  {\Large \bfseries  Abstract}
  \end{center}
  \vspace{0.5cm}}
{\end{alwayssingle}}

%The abstractseparate environment is for running of a page with the abstract
%on including title and author etc as required to be handed in separately

\newenvironment{abstractseparate} {\begin{alwayssingle} \thispagestyle{empty}
  \vspace*{-1in}
 \begin{center}
    { \Large {\bfseries {\@title}} \par}
    {{\large \vspace*{1ex} \@author} \par}
{\large \vspace*{1ex}
    {{\@college} \par}
    {University of Oxford \par}
\vspace*{1ex}
    {{\it \submittedtext} \par}
    {\it {\@degree} \par}
\vspace*{2ex}
    {\@degreedate}}
  \end{center}}
{\end{alwayssingle}}

%ROMANPAGES
%
% The romanpages environment set the page numbering to lowercase roman one
% for the contents and figures lists. It also resets
% page-numbering for the remainder of the dissertation (arabic, starting at 1).

\newenvironment{romanpages}
{\cleardoublepage\setcounter{page}{1}\renewcommand{\thepage}{\roman{page}}}
{\cleardoublepage\renewcommand{\thepage}{\arabic{page}}\setcounter{page}{1}}
13
  • Perhaps we can start with a location of ociamthesis.cls. Where can we find your \documentclass?
    – Werner
    Nov 18, 2020 at 0:36
  • 1
    The \degree macro is defined in your document class. The source code is here: maths.ox.ac.uk/system/files/legacy/2894/ociamthesis.cls. That definition clashes with the definition in gensymb. Also, note that you're loading textcomp twice (although that's not the problem here). Nov 18, 2020 at 0:47
  • 1
    Don't mix algpseudocode (from algorithmicx) and algorithm2e; they're not compatible.
    – Werner
    Nov 18, 2020 at 0:48
  • 1
    @SomdipDey: You can load algorithm2e with the option algo2e which will let you use algorithm2e notation/syntax inside an algorithm2e environment. Then you can load \usepackage{algorithm,algpseudocode} and use algorithmicx-style syntax inside an algorithm environment. That should work... I assume.
    – Werner
    Nov 18, 2020 at 0:59
  • 1
    @SomdipDey: Looks like that should work.
    – Werner
    Nov 18, 2020 at 1:06

1 Answer 1

1

Your documentclass ociamthesis.cls defined \degree as "The full (unabbreviated) name of the degree", amongst other declarations:

% DECLARATIONS
%
% These macros are used to declare arguments needed for the
% construction of the title page and other preamble.

% The year and term the thesis is submitted 
\def\degreedate#1{\gdef\@degreedate{#1}}
% The full (unabbreviated) name of the degree
\def\degree#1{\gdef\@degree{#1}}
% The name of your Oxford college (e.g. Christ Church, Pembroke)
\def\college#1{\gdef\@college{#1}}

It is used to create the title (page) of the thesis, so you can't really go without it.

You can circumvent this via

\documentclass[12pt]{ociamthesis}
\let\olddegree\degree  % Store \degree in \olddegree
\let\degree\relax      % Remove definition of \degree
% ... load other packages
\usepackage{gensymb}   % This creates \degree
\let\degreesymb\degree % Store new \degree in \degreesymb
\let\degree\olddegree  % Restore \degree to its old definition \olddegree
% ... rest of your document

Note that loading hyperref should be left as late as possible. See Which packages should be loaded after hyperref instead of before?

1
  • Thank you, Werner! Worked like a charm :D
    – Somdip Dey
    Nov 18, 2020 at 0:56

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