# Symbol “¿” in XeTeX and LuaTeX shows in PDF as “£”

In this example code:

\documentclass{apa7}

\title{¿¿¿¿}
\shorttitle{¿¿}
\author{Author}
\affiliation{Independent}

\begin{document}
\maketitle
\end{document}


All ¿ symbols are changed to £. I tried this in MiKTeX and Overleaf, but this only happens with XeTeX and LuaTeX. What could be causing the error and how can I fix it?

• Or, specify the document class option nofontenc. – Mico Dec 5 '20 at 23:39
• Use \documentclass[nofontenc]{apa7} to disable T1 font encoding. – Andreas Matthias Dec 5 '20 at 23:39

To have a shot at using the apa7 document class under XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX, you need to load it with the class option nofontenc.

\documentclass[nofontenc]{apa7}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\title{¿¿¿¿}
\shorttitle{¿¿}
\author{Author}
\affiliation{Independent}

\begin{document}
\maketitle
\end{document}