# Footenote disappears when I use twocolumn for abstract ? (with \affmark and \affadress not with \thanks)

I am writing a paper using \documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3} for a Springer journal in two column format. I want to make abstract in one column since it is required in the journal format. Journal also wants the footenotes related to authors and institutions to be seen. I added the codes before and after I made the change. Using "\twocolumnfalse" trick has made the abstract fit the twocolumns but then the footenotes dissappeared. I check the previous quetions on this issue and observed that some people suggest a solution regarding "\thanks" BUT in my code I DO NOT use "thanks". Instead, I use "affmark" and "affadr" (Since I don't know any other way to write those footenotes in that exact form that the journal asks for). I want my abstract fit in two column and my footenotes not to be dissappeared. Can someone help me with this problem? Is there any other way of writing my footenote exactly like this? If someone can suggest a different way of writing my footenotes using "\thanks" that may also help. This footenote is the exact format that the journal asks for.

This is the code after I make the change:

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% file template.tex %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% This is a general template file for the LaTeX package SVJour3
% for Springer journals.          Springer Heidelberg 2010/09/16
%
% Copy it to a new file with a new name and use it as the basis
% for your article. Delete % signs as needed.
%
% This template includes a few options for different layouts and
% content for various journals. Please consult a previous issue of
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% First comes an example EPS file -- just ignore it and
% proceed on the \documentclass line
% your LaTeX will extract the file if required
\begin{filecontents*}{example.eps}
%%BoundingBox: 19 19 221 221
%%CreationDate: Mon Sep 29 1997
%%Creator: programmed by hand (JK)
gsave
newpath
20 20 moveto
20 220 lineto
220 220 lineto
220 20 lineto
closepath
2 setlinewidth
gsave
.4 setgray fill
grestore
stroke
grestore
\end{filecontents*}
%
\RequirePackage{fix-cm}
%
%\documentclass{svjour3}                     % onecolumn (standard format)
%\documentclass[smallcondensed]{svjour3}     % onecolumn (ditto)
%\documentclass[smallextended]{svjour3}       % onecolumn (second format)
\documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3}          % twocolumn
%
\smartqed  % flush right qed marks, e.g. at end of proof
%
\usepackage{graphicx}
%
\usepackage{mathptmx}      % use Times fonts if availab

% etc.
%
% please place your own definitions here and don't use \def but
% \newcommand{}{}
%
% Insert the name of "your journal" with
% \journalname{myjournal}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,amsfonts}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{cuted}
\usepackage{nccmath}
\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scalerel}
\usetikzlibrary{svg.path}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\newunicodechar{→}{$\to$}
\usepackage{forest}
\usetikzlibrary{trees}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[section]{placeins}
\usepackage{algorithm}
\usepackage{algpseudocode}
\usepackage{algorithmicx}
\usepackage{fixmath}
\algdef{SE}[DOWHILE]{Do}{doWhile}{\algorithmicdo}[1]{\algorithmicwhile\ #1}%

\usepackage{multicol}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scrtime}
\usepackage[dont-mess-around]{fnpct}

% patch \maketitle:
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand*{\affaddr}[1]{#1} % No op here. Customize it for different styles.
\newcommand*{\affmark}[1][*]{\textsuperscript{#1}}

\usepackage[misc,geometry]{ifsym}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}

\title{Title of the Article}

\author{%
Author 1 Name Surname \protect\affmark[1, 2] \and Author 2 Name Surname\affmark[1]
}
\authorrunning{Esra Yeniaras \and Murat Cenk}
%\authorrunning{Short form of author list} % if too long for running head

\institute{
\Letter  $~~~$Author 1 Name Surname \\
$~~~~~~~~$author2@..edu  \\ \\      %  \\
%             \emph{Present address:} of F. Author  %  if needed
%\and
$~~~~~~~$   Author 2 Name Surname \at
$~~~~~~~$   author1@..edu\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[1]  Institution 1, Colorado,USA}\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[2]  Instituton 2 , Ontario, CANADA}\\
}
% The correct dates will be entered by the editor
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\twocolumn[
\begin{@twocolumnfalse}
\maketitle
\begin{abstract}
\lipsum

\keywords{bla1 \and bla2 \and bla3.}
\end{abstract}
\end{@twocolumnfalse}
]

\section{Introduction}
\label{intro}
\lipsum
\end{document}


And below is the code before I made the abstract change using "\twocolumnfalse".

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% file template.tex %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% This is a general template file for the LaTeX package SVJour3
% for Springer journals.          Springer Heidelberg 2010/09/16
%
% Copy it to a new file with a new name and use it as the basis
% for your article. Delete % signs as needed.
%
% This template includes a few options for different layouts and
% content for various journals. Please consult a previous issue of
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% First comes an example EPS file -- just ignore it and
% proceed on the \documentclass line
% your LaTeX will extract the file if required
\begin{filecontents*}{example.eps}
%%BoundingBox: 19 19 221 221
%%CreationDate: Mon Sep 29 1997
%%Creator: programmed by hand (JK)
gsave
newpath
20 20 moveto
20 220 lineto
220 220 lineto
220 20 lineto
closepath
2 setlinewidth
gsave
.4 setgray fill
grestore
stroke
grestore
\end{filecontents*}
%
\RequirePackage{fix-cm}
%
%\documentclass{svjour3}                     % onecolumn (standard format)
%\documentclass[smallcondensed]{svjour3}     % onecolumn (ditto)
%\documentclass[smallextended]{svjour3}       % onecolumn (second format)
\documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3}          % twocolumn
%
\smartqed  % flush right qed marks, e.g. at end of proof
%
\usepackage{graphicx}
%
\usepackage{mathptmx}      % use Times fonts if availab

% etc.
%
% please place your own definitions here and don't use \def but
% \newcommand{}{}
%
% Insert the name of "your journal" with
% \journalname{myjournal}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,amsfonts}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{cuted}
\usepackage{nccmath}
\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scalerel}
\usetikzlibrary{svg.path}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\newunicodechar{→}{$\to$}
\usepackage{forest}
\usetikzlibrary{trees}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[section]{placeins}
\usepackage{algorithm}
\usepackage{algpseudocode}
\usepackage{algorithmicx}
\usepackage{fixmath}
\algdef{SE}[DOWHILE]{Do}{doWhile}{\algorithmicdo}[1]{\algorithmicwhile\ #1}%

\usepackage{multicol}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scrtime}
\usepackage[dont-mess-around]{fnpct}

% patch \maketitle:
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand*{\affaddr}[1]{#1} % No op here. Customize it for different styles.
\newcommand*{\affmark}[1][*]{\textsuperscript{#1}}

\usepackage[misc,geometry]{ifsym}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}

\title{Title of the Article}

\author{%
Author 1 Name Surname \protect\affmark[1, 2] \and Author 2 Name Surname\affmark[1]
}
\authorrunning{Author 1 Name Surname \and Author 2 Name Surname}
%\authorrunning{Short form of author list} % if too long for running head

\institute{
\Letter  $~~~$Author 1 Name Surname \\
$~~~~~~~~$author2@..edu  \\ \\      %  \\
%             \emph{Present address:} of F. Author  %  if needed
%\and
$~~~~~~~$   Author 2 Name Surname \at
$~~~~~~~$   author1@..edu\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[1]  Institution 1, Colorado,USA}\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[2]  Instituton 2 , Ontario, CANADA}\\
}
% The correct dates will be entered by the editor
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\maketitle
\begin{abstract}
\lipsum

\keywords{bla1 \and bla2 \and bla3.}
\end{abstract}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

\section{Introduction}
\label{intro}
\lipsum
\end{document}

• sorry but what do you mean by lose @twocolumnfalse? and how should I exactly add the \footenote and \footetext?
– esra
Dec 26, 2020 at 16:54
• You have \begin{@twocolumnfalse} in your code, which is expanded to both a \begingroup and \@twocolumnfalse, while \end{@twocolumnfalse} is expanded as \end@twocolumnfalse (which doesn't exist) and \endgroup. Any \begingroup ... \endgroup will prevent footnotes from working. \footnote expands as both \footnotemark and \footntetext, but you need to put the \footnotetext outside the group. You can lose the [twocolumn] option for svjour3, as \twocolumn takes care of it. Dec 26, 2020 at 17:03
• @JohnKormylo would it be enough if I use \footenotemark and \footenotetext instead of \affmark and \affadrr? Did you mean this? Or should I add a specific code piece after the \twocolum[]?
– esra
Dec 26, 2020 at 17:23
• Here is the link to the download it is under the "Text Formating" section names as: Latex Macro package(Download): springer.com/journal/13389/submission-guidelines. By the way I would reaaly appreciate your help since I tried everything and still could not solve the problem? The last thing I tried was using only \twocolumn[abstract here] without using @twocolumnfalse, and it worked partially. I mean it worked but it gives the abstract on the next page then. I could not fix that part.
– esra
Dec 27, 2020 at 11:34

Just for fun. I seriously doubt the journal will let you do this.

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%% file template.tex %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% This is a general template file for the LaTeX package SVJour3
% for Springer journals.          Springer Heidelberg 2010/09/16
%
% Copy it to a new file with a new name and use it as the basis
% for your article. Delete % signs as needed.
%
% This template includes a few options for different layouts and
% content for various journals. Please consult a previous issue of
%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%
% First comes an example EPS file -- just ignore it and
% proceed on the \documentclass line
% your LaTeX will extract the file if required
\begin{filecontents*}{example.eps}
%%BoundingBox: 19 19 221 221
%%CreationDate: Mon Sep 29 1997
%%Creator: programmed by hand (JK)
gsave
newpath
20 20 moveto
20 220 lineto
220 220 lineto
220 20 lineto
closepath
2 setlinewidth
gsave
.4 setgray fill
grestore
stroke
grestore
\end{filecontents*}
%
\RequirePackage{fix-cm}
%
%\documentclass{svjour3}                     % onecolumn (standard format)
%\documentclass[smallcondensed]{svjour3}     % onecolumn (ditto)
%\documentclass[smallextended]{svjour3}       % onecolumn (second format)
\documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3}          % twocolumn
%
\smartqed  % flush right qed marks, e.g. at end of proof
%
\usepackage{graphicx}
%
\usepackage{mathptmx}      % use Times fonts if availab

% etc.
%
% please place your own definitions here and don't use \def but
% \newcommand{}{}
%
% Insert the name of "your journal" with
% \journalname{myjournal}
\usepackage{cite}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb,amsfonts}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{textcomp}
\usepackage{cuted}
\usepackage{nccmath}
\usepackage{mathtools}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scalerel}
\usetikzlibrary{svg.path}
\usepackage{newunicodechar}
\newunicodechar{→}{$\to$}
\usepackage{forest}
\usetikzlibrary{trees}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage[section]{placeins}
\usepackage{algorithm}
\usepackage{algpseudocode}
\usepackage{algorithmicx}
\usepackage{fixmath}
\algdef{SE}[DOWHILE]{Do}{doWhile}{\algorithmicdo}[1]{\algorithmicwhile\ #1}%

\usepackage{multicol}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{scrtime}
\usepackage[dont-mess-around]{fnpct}

% patch \maketitle:
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand*{\affaddr}[1]{#1} % No op here. Customize it for different styles.
\newcommand*{\affmark}[1][*]{\textsuperscript{#1}}

\usepackage[misc,geometry]{ifsym}

\usepackage{afterpage}
\usepackage{everypage}
\newsavebox{\tempbox}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}

\title{Title of the Article}

\author{%
Author 1 Name Surname \protect\affmark[1, 2] \and Author 2 Name Surname\affmark[1]
}
\authorrunning{Author 1 Name Surname \and Author 2 Name Surname}
%\authorrunning{Short form of author list} % if too long for running head

\institute{
\Letter  $~~~$Author 1 Name Surname \\
$~~~~~~~~$author2@..edu  \\ \\      %  \\
%             \emph{Present address:} of F. Author  %  if needed
%\and
$~~~~~~~$   Author 2 Name Surname \at
$~~~~~~~$   author1@..edu\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[1]  Institution 1, Colorado,USA}\\ \\
$~~~~~$ \affaddr{\affmark[2]  Instituton 2 , Ontario, CANADA}\\
}
% The correct dates will be entered by the editor
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\onecolumn
\maketitle
\setbox\tempbox=\vbox{% entire abstract must be formatted in onecolumn
\begin{abstract}
\lipsum

\keywords{bla1 \and bla2 \and bla3.}
\end{abstract}}%
\AddThispageHook{\global\csname @twocolumntrue\endcsname}% \afterpage is too late
\afterpage{\twocolumn[\expandafter\unvbox\csname AP@partial\endcsname]}%
\unvbox\tempbox

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%

\section{Introduction}
\label{intro}
\lipsum
\end{document}

• The footnotes appear just fine for me. Are your packages up to date? Dec 27, 2020 at 17:30
• Oki sorry my mistake. This works perfectly fine. Great work. I am not also sure what the journal wants. You are the only person who could answer this problem. I have just realize that some authors leave it as it is and then the editors would modify the code as they wish to fit the the format. Note sure what to do now:/ Thanks a lot anyway!
– esra
Dec 27, 2020 at 17:32