138

I have a fairly large figure in a LaTeX document. This figure is too large for the left and right margin of the document. This results in the figure being placed flush with the left margin, and way beyond the right margin. What I want is to do, is center the figure on the page. Can I do this, e.g. by setting a different left margin for this figure?

1
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    – Werner
    Commented May 29, 2012 at 12:12

7 Answers 7

114

If the figure is e.g. 3 inches too wide, add a negative space of half that before the figure:

\hspace*{-1.5in}
\includegraphics{...}
2
  • 2
    How can this negative space approach be used to make use of the space on the right?
    – Prradep
    Commented Jan 12, 2018 at 10:21
  • For me, images that are too wide automatically already penetrate the right-side margin. Commented Dec 3, 2018 at 23:16
210
\centerline{\includegraphics{...}}

Does this without any hspace trickery.

9
  • 13
    Very clean code, and solves the need-more-width-for-my-graph problem, so worth a try!
    – nruth
    Commented Dec 4, 2011 at 2:22
  • 6
    Excellent, this solved a whole lot more for me!
    – dorien
    Commented Jun 22, 2013 at 22:31
  • 5
    Where have you been all my life. Why have I been struggling with this for years...
    – keyser
    Commented Jan 31, 2015 at 12:46
  • How can I do this in Lyx?
    – a06e
    Commented May 31, 2016 at 22:07
  • 1
    Perfect! Exactly what I needed and is the easiest solution. It also worked on a subfigure containing two figures side-by-side. Yay!
    – anaotha
    Commented Aug 28, 2019 at 11:03
23

The above did not work for me as I wanted the figure wider than the caption. Also, I think there is a override by the endfloat package.

This will leave the entire document intact and only alter the figure:

\begin{figure}
    \advance\leftskip-4cm
    \includegraphics[options]{location}
\end{figure}

You could also use:

\advance\rightskip-2cm
2
  • 1
    Your code snippet worked just fine, thank you for the insight ! The hspace command above didn't work in my case.
    – Dr1Ku
    Commented Jun 21, 2010 at 20:21
  • This worked well for me in the case of multiple horizontally distributed \includegraphics in the same figure :)
    – JorgeGT
    Commented Mar 8, 2016 at 13:27
16

If the figure is an external graphics, then do like this:

\begin{figure}
  \begin{center}
   \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{...}
  \end{center}
\end{figure}

\textwidth will stretch it to full text width. You can specify a coefficient like, for example, 0.75 of the text width:

\includegraphics[width=0.75\textwidth]{...}
12

Found a great simple solution to this problem!

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt]{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\noindent\makebox[\textwidth]{%
\includegraphics[width=1.4\textwidth]{mypic}}
\end{figure}
\end{document}

I found this solution here: http://texblog.net/latex-archive/layout/centering-figure-table/#comment-875

6

If you are using the memoir class, the solution is to use

\centerfloat

rather than

\centering

in your float. This will prevent you from having to manually set the negative horizontal spacing.

Maybe you're not using memoir. Fair enough. \centerfloat is defined thusly, so you can just make your own:

\newcommand*{\centerfloat}{%
  \parindent \z@
  \leftskip \z@ \@plus 1fil \@minus \textwidth
  \rightskip\leftskip
  \parfillskip \z@skip}
1
  • \centerfloat works great in memoir class
    – entropy
    Commented Mar 21, 2013 at 12:02
2

The automated version of Ian's answer might look like this:

\newlength{\myimageoversize}
\newsavebox{\myimage}
\newcommand{\mycenter}[1]{%
\savebox{\myimage}{#1}
\settowidth{\myimageoversize}{\usebox{\myimage}}
\addtolength{\myimageoversize}{-\textwidth}
\setlength{\leftskip}{-0.5\myimageoversize}
\noindent
\usebox{\myimage}}

\begin{figure}
\mycenter{\includegraphics{...}}
\end{figure}