93

This question already has an answer here:

I have a fairly large figure in a LaTeX document. This figure is too large for the left and right margin of the document. This results in the figure being placed flush with the left margin, and way beyond the right margin. What I want is to do, is center the figure on the page. Can I do this, e.g. by setting a different left margin for this figure?

marked as duplicate by Stefan Pinnow, Paul Gaborit, Romain Picot, user13907, Zarko Apr 15 '16 at 7:09

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78

If the figure is e.g. 3 inches too wide, add a negative space of half that before the figure:

\hspace*{-1.5in}
\includegraphics{...}
  • 1
    How can this negative space approach be used to make use of the space on the right? – Prradep Jan 12 '18 at 10:21
  • For me, images that are too wide automatically already penetrate the right-side margin. – user1271772 Dec 3 '18 at 23:16
144
\centerline{\includegraphics{...}}

Does this without any hspace trickery.

  • 7
    Very clean code, and solves the need-more-width-for-my-graph problem, so worth a try! – nruth Dec 4 '11 at 2:22
  • 4
    Excellent, this solved a whole lot more for me! – dorien Jun 22 '13 at 22:31
  • 3
    Where have you been all my life. Why have I been struggling with this for years... – keyser Jan 31 '15 at 12:46
  • How can I do this in Lyx? – becko May 31 '16 at 22:07
  • @becko ERT before the image with \centerline{, ERT after the image with }. – Sparhawk Jun 27 '17 at 6:28
15

If the figure is an external graphics, then do like this:

\begin{figure}
  \begin{center}
   \includegraphics[width=\textwidth]{...}
  \end{center}
\end{figure}

\textwidth will stretch it to full text width. You can specify a coefficient like, for example, 0.75 of the text width:

\includegraphics[width=0.75\textwidth]{...}
13

The above did not work for me as I wanted the figure wider than the caption. Also, I think there is a override by the endfloat package.

This will leave the entire document intact and only alter the figure:

\begin{figure}
    \advance\leftskip-4cm
    \includegraphics[options]{location}
\end{figure}

You could also use:

\advance\rightskip-2cm
  • 1
    Your code snippet worked just fine, thank you for the insight ! The hspace command above didn't work in my case. – Dr1Ku Jun 21 '10 at 20:21
  • This worked well for me in the case of multiple horizontally distributed \includegraphics in the same figure :) – JorgeGT Mar 8 '16 at 13:27
10

Found a great simple solution to this problem!

\documentclass[a4paper,10pt]{article}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\noindent\makebox[\textwidth]{%
\includegraphics[width=1.4\textwidth]{mypic}}
\end{figure}
\end{document}

I found this solution here: http://texblog.net/latex-archive/layout/centering-figure-table/#comment-875

4

If you are using the memoir class, the solution is to use

\centerfloat

rather than

\centering

in your float. This will prevent you from having to manually set the negative horizontal spacing.

Maybe you're not using memoir. Fair enough. \centerfloat is defined thusly, so you can just make your own:

\newcommand*{\centerfloat}{%
  \parindent \z@
  \leftskip \z@ \@plus 1fil \@minus \textwidth
  \rightskip\leftskip
  \parfillskip \z@skip}
  • \centerfloat works great in memoir class – entropy Mar 21 '13 at 12:02
1

The automated version of Ian's answer might look like this:

\newlength{\myimageoversize}
\newsavebox{\myimage}
\newcommand{\mycenter}[1]{%
\savebox{\myimage}{#1}
\settowidth{\myimageoversize}{\usebox{\myimage}}
\addtolength{\myimageoversize}{-\textwidth}
\setlength{\leftskip}{-0.5\myimageoversize}
\noindent
\usebox{\myimage}}

\begin{figure}
\mycenter{\includegraphics{...}}
\end{figure}