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Why does an environment's label have to appear after the caption?

In the following example, there are no reference numbers to the figures when I compile using pdflatex:



%debugging package for figuring out why my figure references keep disappearing




Bob is reference \ref{bob}. Jane is reference \ref{jane}.


Any idea why?

  • Welcome to TeX.SE. Commented May 29, 2012 at 20:57
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    @Jake Indeed. And I'm eagerly awaiting the day stackexchange starts handing out reputation and/or badges for finding duplicates.
    – lockstep
    Commented May 29, 2012 at 21:06

1 Answer 1


You need to put \label after \caption.


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