I often find myself typing equations into a node of a tikz picture. I then often find that I want to isolate certain characters in the equation and define them as a node.

For instance, consider the following figure.



  \node {$e^{i\pi}+1=0$};

enter image description here

I'd like it if in this figure I could define each character e, i, pi, +, 1, =, and 0 as its own node. Is this possible?

1 Answer 1


The \subnode command from tikzmark is designed for this sort of situation. It fakes a node around text that's inside a \node. It does need a few compilation runs to settle (it took 3 for this code for me) and you must remember the remember picture key on the tikzpicture.


\usetikzlibrary{tikzmark, arrows.meta}

\begin{tikzpicture}[>=Latex,remember picture]
  \node (eipi) at (0,0) {\(e^{i\pi}+1=0\)};
\node at (0,-1) {\(\subnode{e}{e}^{\subnode{i}{i}\subnode{pi}{\pi}}+\subnode{one}{1}=\subnode{zero}{0}\)};
\draw[<-] (e) to[out=-90, in=90] ++(-2,-1) node[below] {Base of natural logarithm};
\draw[<-] (i) to[out=135, in=0] ++(-2,1) node[left] {A square root of \(-1\)};
  \draw[<-] (pi) -- ++(0,-2) node[below] {Area of a unit circle};
  \draw[<-] (one) to[out=-45, in=180] ++(2,-1) node[right] {Unity};
\draw[<-] (zero) -- ++(2,0) node[right] {Zilch};
\draw[<-] (eipi) -- ++(0,1) node[above] {An ugly equation};

Annotated equation with subnodes

  • 1
    This has become my new workhorse! It's helping a lot with beamer slides that I'm writing for the course I'm teaching. I'm curious why you've started the math text in the nodes with \(. I was writing a document earlier that didn't work correctly when I used $ but then did work when I switched to \(. Any idea why? Feb 20, 2021 at 20:44
  • 1
    @BrianFitzpatrick I don't know of a reason why it wouldn't work with $. If you have an example then feel free to send it my way (open an issue on github.com/loopspace/tikzmark or email me directly - my email is in the tikzmark documentation). In general, though, \( is to be preferred to $, see tex.stackexchange.com/q/510/86 for a bit more on that. Feb 21, 2021 at 19:57
  • I'll see if I can build a MWE. The document I was building was very complex so it's definitely possible there was something else going on. Feb 25, 2021 at 20:17
  • So I just tried to replicate my issue... and couldn't. However, I'm now almost positive that I was recycling a node name in another tikzfigure, which causes problems with remember picture. When I edited my original document I must have changed the node name in addition to switching the $ to \(. Mar 2, 2021 at 19:20
  • @BrianFitzpatrick Well, if it does resurface then do let me know. I'm pleased to hear you got it working. Mar 3, 2021 at 8:59

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