When I build a LaTeX code, the references to figures and tables labels are not recognized, so latex builder prints "?" in the place. And simplifying the entire text I found out that even the simple dummy document

    Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}

    \caption{my caption}\label{whatever}

generates this:

Some text cites Table [?]

Table 1: my caption


I'm using MiKTeX 2.4-64 for a couple of months, but I do not remember getting this type of errors with past versions MiKTeX versions. Would someone have a clue on how to fix this?


1 Answer 1


After processing your document, you will receive the following warning:

LaTeX Warning: Citation `whatever' on page 1 undefined on input line 3.

which gives you a hint about the cause of the problem: you are using \cite and you should be using \ref instead (the output [?] also indicates that a citation was incorrectly expected). Simply replace:

Some text cites Table \cite{whatever}


Some text cites Table~\ref{whatever}

\cite is for bibliographical citations.

  • I get [?] for a missing bibliography entry and ?? for a missing label. Maybe you could include that as a hint for diagnosis.
    – dgs
    Jun 5, 2012 at 6:26
  • Oh yes, what a mistake of mine! You are totally right, thank you.
    – Rego
    Jun 6, 2012 at 2:32

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .