When I try and add a footnote to my section title (although i have the same issue when adding to the main body of text) using

\section{TITLE \protect\footnote{footnote here with \cite{citation}}}

I get TITLE[? ] in my compiled document with no footnote.

The code/set-up that I'm working with is:

%%%%% Document Setup %%%%%%%%

\documentclass[10pt,twocolumn, nofootinbib]{revtex4}    

\usepackage[a4paper, left=1.85cm, right=1.85cm,top=1.85cm, bottom=1.85cm]{geometry}       

\usepackage[font=small, labelfont=bf]{caption}                      







%%%%% Document %%%%%  







How can I get my footnote to BE a footnote at the bottom of the Page? Also, with the citation, my references section is before the section I want to add a footnote to (The Appendix), so will this make a difference?

I have tried adding the footnote with and without the citation in the section title and in the main body of the text with no success

EDIT I have added nofootinbib to the document class, and now I get a footnote number, but the footnote does not appear at the bottom of the page.

  • This kind of footnote is a feature of the revtex4 class. If you want more effective help you need to provide an MWE: tex.meta.stackexchange.com/q/228/231952
    – Ivan
    Commented Mar 23, 2021 at 12:11
  • Welcome to TeX.SX! I don't get an error, if I place a \footnote (without \cite) in the body text. Inside a \section command, it seems indeed not to work. Commented Mar 23, 2021 at 12:22
  • @Ivan Thankyou so much I think I have it now! Commented Mar 23, 2021 at 12:42

1 Answer 1


I changed the document class from its original form:



\documentclass[10pt,twocolumn, nofootinbib]{revtex4-1}    

which allows me to add footnotes in both the section title and the main body of the text. I cannot cite within the footnote in the section title but I can cite within the footnote in the main body of the text.

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