I'm very new to Latex, I'm using MiKTeX with Texmaker on Windows.

When I execute the following code I get the desired result:



\caption{Words and such}



Yet more words


However, if I instead choose to position the figure with [htbp] it has some kind of emotional breakdown and sits in the middle of the page by itself, pushing the paragraph below onto the next page.

My understanding was that by using [htbp] I was indicating a preference in position, so I don't see why adding the p explicitly, since, as far as I know, it defaults to that when it's out of options anyway, changes the behaviour? More to the point, why does it change the behaviour to sitting in the middle of a blank page with occupied pages above and below? I thought it was supposed to float to an empty page at the end of the document?

Any help understanding this is appreciated. :)

Also, I just noticed I've made some spelling errors, aha.

  • Here you will find an explanation what these parameters will do.
    – Roland
    Apr 9 at 5:28
  • Yes, this is how I thought they worked. Maybe I'm just tired, but this doesn't really explain why explicitly stating that it can fall back to "p" if [htb] all fail, causes it to do this?
    – V.L. Proud
    Apr 9 at 5:50
  • 1
    It does not fall back to p if no p is present in the [...] list. Normally a new chapter starts with a \clear(double)page which additionally dumps all unprocessed floats before proceeding. Placement via [htb] will fail if the image is of a certain size and will thus keep being pushed on and on taking the rest of the queue with it until the document ends or a clearpage if found.
    – daleif
    Apr 9 at 7:40

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.