Currently, I am following a tutorial on overleaf about bibliography generation. I tried to use Bahasa Indonesia language in my next document, so I load polyglossia package and set the main language to bahasai for Bahasa Indonesia. But some words in the reference list is not translated into bahasa Indonesia at all. How should I fix this problem? (I tried to use babel, it didn't work either).







\title{Bibliography management: \texttt{biblatex} package}
\author{Muhamad Abdul Rosid}




\section{Bagian 1}
Using \texttt{biblatex} you can display bibliography divided into sections, depending on citation type. \textcite{einstein} published a book call DUMMY text. It's just dummy, no need to worry about this.

Let's cite! \citeauthor{einstein}'s journal paper \parencite[lihat][]{einstein} and the Dirac's book \parencite{dirac} are physics related items.
\section{Bagian 2}
Next, \textit{The \LaTeX\ Companion} book \parencite{latexcompanion}, the Donald Knuth's website \parencite{knuthwebsite}, \textit{The Comprehensive Tex Archive Network} (CTAN) \parencite{ctan} are \LaTeX\ related items; but the others Donald Knuth's items \parencite{knuth-fa,knuth-acp} are dedicated to programming.


title={Daftar Pustaka}

%\printbibliography[type=article,title={Articles only}]
%\printbibliography[type=book,title={Books only}]
%\printbibliography[keyword={physics},title={Physics-related only}]
%\printbibliography[keyword={latex},title={\LaTeX-related only}]

The sample.bib is as follows,

  author =       "Albert Einstein",
  title =        "{Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter K{\"o}rper}. ({German})
                 [{On} the electrodynamics of moving bodies]",
  journal =      "Annalen der Physik",
  volume =       "322",
  number =       "10",
  pages =        "891--921",
  year =         "1905",
  DOI =          "http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/andp.19053221004",
  keywords =     "physics"

  title={The Principles of Quantum Mechanics},
  author={Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac},
  series={International series of monographs on physics},
  publisher={Clarendon Press},
  keywords = {physics}

    author    = "Michel Goossens dan Frank Mittelbach dan Alexander Samarin",
    title     = "The \LaTeX\ Companion",
    year      = "1993",
    publisher = "Addison-Wesley",
    address   = "Reading, Massachusetts",
    keywords  = "latex"
    author    = "Donald Knuth",
    title     = "Knuth: Computers and Typesetting",
    url       = "http://www-cs-faculty.stanford.edu/~uno/abcde.html",
    keywords  = "latex,knuth"

   author = "Donald E. Knuth",
   title = "Fundamental Algorithms",
   publisher = "Addison-Wesley",
   year = "1973",
   chapter = "1.2",
   keywords  = "knuth,programming"

   author = "Donald E. Knuth",
   publisher = "Addison-Wesley",
   title = "The Art of Computer Programming",
   series = "Four volumes",
   year = "1968",
   note = "Seven volumes planned",
   keywords  = "knuth,programming"

    author  = "George D. Greenwade",
    title   = "The {C}omprehensive {T}ex {A}rchive {N}etwork ({CTAN})",
    year    = "1993",
    journal = "TUGBoat",
    volume  = "14",
    number  = "3",
    pages   = "342--351",
    keywords  = "latex"

The output is like this. enter image description here Look at the reference list. the word in, and, pages, and chapter are not translated to Bahasa Indonesia.

  • 4
    Basically biblatex does not speak Bahasa Indonesia, it simply does not have the localisation files for that language. tex.stackexchange.com/q/200932/35864 explains the general procedure to write the necessary language definitions, but if you would like to contribute the Bahasa Indonesia localisation for biblatex you can also drop by github.com/plk/biblatex/issues.
    – moewe
    Apr 13, 2021 at 5:56
  • 1
    Just a comment. Currently the name in babel is indonesian (although bahasai still works). May 8, 2022 at 5:33

1 Answer 1


I did steps on What is the most appropriate way to configure biblatex for use with an unsupported language? and Formatting dates “day month year” with biblatex (but successful only with @Cerran answer).

Here are the files; shared for public: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/16X0YVHXU1GgU4-ycB_eR5tMAy-5n7gdr?usp=sharing

Note: they are my personal edit, not something formal / legal (i.e., not approved by govt. body nor submitted for approval).

  • Can you help me how to use .lbx files in MacOS? I use MacTeX. Jan 29 at 9:13
  • If you have a new question, please ask it by clicking the Ask Question button. Include a link to this question if it helps provide context. - From Review
    – cabohah
    Jan 29 at 9:41

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