I need to use a specific font (New Aster LT Standard), and I am running into issues with 2 characters in my text. One is the polish ogonek on the name "Dąbrówka", the other is an accented c in the name "Matanić". Oddly, the font seems to have the ogonek diacritic (see line 2 of the PDF image), but it does not show correctly when combined, only as a standalone. I have \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} and \usepackage[T1]{fontenc} in my preamble. I must compile with XeLaTeX. My .tex document is in UTF8. I tried various ways (see example), but none is working (see screen capture).



\setmainfont{New Aster LT Std}



       Johannes Dąbrówka.  A. Matanić.

       ‬Johannes Da˛brówka.  A. Matani\'c.

       Johannes D\k{a}brówka.  A. Matani\'{c}.


screen capture

  • 2
    don't use the packages fontenc, xunicode and inputenc with xelatex. May 6, 2021 at 16:07
  • @UlrikeFischer thanks, I tried without fontenc, and only xunicode and inputenc, and it gives the same result. Or do you mean I should us neither of those three packages?? May 6, 2021 at 16:23
  • 2
    do not use xunicode or inputenc (although fontenc was doing the most damage) May 6, 2021 at 16:37
  • If you try it then without the setmainfont command you find two missing characters in latin modern the log will show Missing character: There is no ̨ (U+0328) in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=t Missing character: There is no ‬ (U+202C) in font [lmroman10-regular]:mapping=t I don't have your font so I can't say whether that has all the characters. May 6, 2021 at 16:41
  • but U+202C is "pop directional formatting" did you intend that to be in the file? 0328 is a combining Ogonek (lines 1 and 3 look OK in latin modern as far as I can tell) May 6, 2021 at 16:43

2 Answers 2


You can try any of the following:

Load your modern font through fontspec and type in the character ą (U+0105). In XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX, you can also write ^^^^0105.

A font might also support the combining accent ą (a + U+0328). You can also type this as a^^^^0328. Latin Modern Roman does not have this accent, but New Computer Modern does.

The LaTeX command is \k{a}. If this doesn’t work for your font but ^^^^0105 does, you can try loading uninormalize to convert to NFC form.

If your font contains the non-combining ogonek ˛ (U+02DB), you might be able to overlay it with the TeX primitive \accent"02DB a. With Latin Modern Roman, the ogonek below is positioned wrong, but accents above should be better.

\tracinglostchars=2 % Warn if a font does not contain a character!

\newcommand\aogonek{\accent a ^^^^02db}

\accent"02DB a

a with ogonek

In PDFTeX, a-with-ogonek is in the T1 encoding. The precomposed character should work, as well as \k{a}, but combining accents generally don’t in PDFTeX.

All of the same methods should also work for, in the order you should try them, ć (U+0107), ć (c + U+0301), \'{c}, \accent"02CA c, or \accent"00B4 c.

  • 1
    With TeX Live 2021 you can set \tracinglostchars=3 and you'll get an error for nonexisting characters. This is backwards compatible, in the sense that with previous versions you'll get a warning as before.
    – egreg
    May 6, 2021 at 22:02
  • @egreg That’s a great feature! Thanks.
    – Davislor
    May 7, 2021 at 4:14
  • @egreg In this case, I think I’ll leave it as-is, because the test document is supposed to display whatever the font gives you.
    – Davislor
    May 7, 2021 at 4:24
  • Thanks, it worked! I had tried something similar but I probably did not have the right syntax May 7, 2021 at 16:00

Use font that has the letters you need, in example TexGyre. names(with TexGyre)

But If you really need to use that font you can define new letters with newunicodechar4.

% !TeX program = xelatex
\tracinglostchars=3 % Warn if a font does not contain a character
%\setmainfont[Ligatures=TeX]{TeX Gyre Pagella}
\setmainfont[Ligatures=TeX]{New Aster LT Std}



       Johannes Dąbrówka.  A. Matanić.\par


names(with (Old) New Aster LT Std) names(with newunicodechar)

  • Unfortunately, the position of the ogonek is incorrect; it should be very close to the right edge. (See the example with the TeX Gyre font.) May 7, 2021 at 22:37
  • Easies way to solve this is use font with right signs in it, or try if ^^^^0328 works any better.
    – Oni
    May 14, 2021 at 1:10

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