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Is it possible to create flow charts with forest or tikz?

  • 1
    Welcome to Tex.SE. Can you show us how far you could progress by yourself... so that people on this forum could help you out where you get stuck ?
    – Partha D.
    May 19, 2021 at 1:28
  • Have you checked out TikZ with shapes, arrows and positioning?
    – Davislor
    May 19, 2021 at 2:05
  • What have you tried?
    – hola
    May 19, 2021 at 2:58

1 Answer 1


Here is my attempt at re-creating your diagram. It is not the most elegant solution maybe, as it contains a lot of manual shifting of nodes, but it should work as a starting point.


        block/.style={draw,thick,rectangle,minimum height=2cm,minimum width=3cm,font=\bfseries,align=center,text width=2.5cm},
        number/.style={draw,circle,minimum size=7mm,inner sep=3pt},
        numarrow/.style={arrow,shorten >=.2cm,shorten <=.2cm},
        node distance = 2cm]
        \clip (-3.5cm,-6cm) rectangle ++(14.7cm,12.5cm);
        \begin{scope}[node distance = .75cm]
            \node[number] (three) {3};
            \node[number,above=of three] (two) {2};
            \node[number,above=of two] (one) {1};
            \node[below=of three] (dots) {\vdots};
            \node[number,below=of dots] (n) {n};
            \node[draw,red,thick,dash dot,ellipse,fit={(one) (n)}] (ellipse) {};
            \node[above = of ellipse, font=\bfseries,yshift=-.75cm] {agent};
        \node[block,xshift=4cm] at (three.east) (coord) {Coordinator};
        \node[block,right=of coord] (global) {Global Parameters};
        \draw[arrow] (coord) -- (global) node[anchor=south,midway,font=\small]{$\frac1n\sum\Delta\theta$} node[anchor=north,midway,font=\small] {$\frac1n\sum\Delta w$};
        \draw[decoration={text along path,text={Update {$\theta$}, w},text align={center},raise=1mm,reverse path},decorate] (global) to[out=290,in=350] (ellipse.south);
    \draw[arrow,red,dashed,shorten >=.3cm] (global) to[out=290,in=350] (ellipse.south);
        \foreach \i in  {one, two, three, n} {
            \draw[numarrow] (\i) -- (coord) node[anchor=south,font=\footnotesize,midway,sloped] {$\Delta\theta$, $\Delta$ w};
            \draw[arrow,<-] ($(\i.west)+(-3mm,2mm)$) -- ++(-1.5cm,0) node[anchor=south,midway,font=\small] {$r, s_{t+1}$};
            \draw[arrow] ($(\i.west)+(-3mm,-2mm)$) -- ++(-1.5cm,0) node[anchor=north,midway,font=\small] {$a$};
        \draw [decoration={brace,amplitude=10pt},decorate] ($(one.north east)+(2mm,0)$) -- ++(2.5cm,0cm) node[midway,anchor=south,font=\footnotesize,text width=2cm,align=center,minimum height=1.5cm] {synchronous update};
        \node[draw, thick, minimum width=8cm, minimum height=1.0cm, rectangle, rotate=90, left = of three, anchor=south,font=\bfseries] {Environment};

Image of output

  • +1. I'd use math mode for numbers in circled nodes.
    – Sigur
    May 19, 2021 at 10:58

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