2

I'm making a beamer presentation and I'd need to scale a specific equation. The slide is built using double dollars math environments which allows me to easily align the left and right columns. Problem is one specifically long equation doesn't fit in the slide, so I wanted to shrink it. Using single dollar math mode does work but it breaks the alignment.

\documentclass[mathserif]{beamer}
\usepackage{physics}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\begin{document}
\begin{frame}
    \begin{columns}[T]
        \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
            \centering
            Osservabile: $N$
            
            Stati: $\ket{\psi_1}, \ket{\psi_2}, \dots \ket{\psi _N}$ 
            
            Misure: $a_1, a_2, \dots a_N$
            \vspace{5mm}
            
            Super-posizione
            $$N: \ket{\Psi} = c_1 \ket{\psi_1} + c_2 \ket{\psi_2} \dots c_N \ket{\psi_N}$$%this is the equation I would like to shrink
            
            Collasso della funzione d'onda
            $$p(a = a_N) = |c_N|^2 \qquad \ket{\Psi} = \ket{\psi_N}$$
        \end{column}
        \begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
            \centering
            Osservabile: $Gatto$
            
            Stati: $\ket{\omega}, \ket{\xi}$
            
            Misure: $vivo, morto$
            \vspace{5mm}
            
            Super-posizione
            $$Gatto: \ket{\Gamma} = c_V \ket{\omega} + c_M \ket{\xi}$$
            
            Collasso della funzione d'onda
            $$p(a = vivo) = |c_V|^2 \qquad \ket{\Gamma} = \ket{\omega}$$
        \end{column}
    \end{columns}
\end{frame}
\end{document}

Using

\scalebox{0.8}{$$N: \ket{\Psi} = c_1 \ket{\psi_1} + c_2 \ket{\psi_2} \dots c_N \ket{\psi_N}$$}

Breaks the entire slide and using single dollar math mode works, but breaks the alignment.

I unfortunately cannot make more slides since I have a very strict number of slides limit.

5
1

I would consider both comments below question, use nccmath package for \medmath environment for the longest equation and change a width of columns:

\documentclass[mathserif]{beamer}
\usepackage{physics}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{nccmath}

\begin{document}
\begin{frame}
\small
    \begin{columns}[T]
        \begin{column}{0.5\textwidth}
            Osservabile: $N$

            Stati: $\ket{\psi_1}, \ket{\psi_2}, \dots \ket{\psi _N}$

            Misure: $a_1, a_2, \dots a_N$
           

            Super-posizione
            \[\medmath
        N\colon\ket{\Psi} = c_1 \ket{\psi_1} + c_2 \ket{\psi_2} \dots c_N \ket{\psi_N}
            \]%this is the equation I would like to shrink
            Collasso della funzione d'onda
            \[
        p(a = a_N) = |c_N|^2 \quad \ket{\Psi} = \ket{\psi_N}
            \]
        \end{column}
        \begin{column}{0.45\textwidth}
            Osservabile: \textit{Gatto}

            Stati: $\ket{\omega}, \ket{\xi}$

            Misure: \textit{vivo, morto}

            Super-posizione
            \[
        \mathit{Gatto:}\ \ket{\Gamma} = c_V \ket{\omega} + c_M \ket{\xi}
            \]
            Collasso della funzione d'onda
            \[
        p(a = \mathit{vivo}) = |c_V|^2 \quad \ket{\Gamma} = \ket{\omega}
            \]
        \end{column}
    \end{columns}
\end{frame}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Personal I prefer left aligned contents in columns.

1

You might use \resizebox:

  \[
    \resizebox{\displaywidth}{!}{%
      $N: \ket{\Psi} = c_1 \ket{\psi_1} + c_2 \ket{\psi_2} + \dots + c_N \ket{\psi_N}$%
    }

As you see, the resizing takes place inside display math mode.

On the other hand, you can use a summation, which is shorter and clearer. All you need is to add a phantom in the corresponding column to balance the size.

\documentclass[mathserif]{beamer}
\usepackage{braket}
\usepackage{graphicx}

\begin{document}

\begin{frame}

\begin{columns}[T]

\begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
\centering
  Osservabile: $N$
            
  Stati: $\ket{\psi_1}, \ket{\psi_2}, \dots, \ket{\psi _N}$ 
            
  Misure: $a_1, a_2, \dots, a_N$
 
  \medskip
            
  Super-posizione
  \[
%    \resizebox{\displaywidth}{!}{%
%      $N: \ket{\Psi} = c_1 \ket{\psi_1} + c_2 \ket{\psi_2} + \dots + c_N \ket{\psi_N}$%
%    }
  \textstyle
  N: \ket{\Psi} = \sum\limits_{i=1}^n c_i\ket{\psi_i}
  \]
            
  Collasso della funzione d'onda
  \[
    p(a = a_N) = |c_N|^2 \quad \ket{\Psi} = \ket{\psi_N}
  \]
\end{column}

\begin{column}{0.48\textwidth}
\centering

  Osservabile: $\mathit{Gatto}$
            
  Stati: $\ket{\omega}, \ket{\xi}$
            
  Misure: $\mathit{vivo}, \mathit{morto}$

  \medskip
            
  Super-posizione
  \[
    \mathit{Gatto}: \ket{\Gamma} = c_V \ket{\omega} + c_M \ket{\xi}
    \vphantom{\textstyle\sum\limits_{i=1}^n}
  \]
  Collasso della funzione d'onda
  \[
    p(a = \mathit{vivo}) = |c_V|^2 \quad \ket{\Gamma} = \ket{\omega}
  \]
\end{column}

\end{columns}

\end{frame}

\end{document}

Note the changes I made: \mathit{Gatto} and not just Gatto; you're missing commas and operation signs around the dots.

Never use $$ with LaTeX. See Why is \[ ... \] preferable to $$ ... $$?

About physics and braket, I chose to use the latter, because I find the former awkward and that it forces bad typesetting decisions.

Here are the pictures for the two versions, first with the summation and the phantom. I have no doubt which one I prefer (the first one, of course).

enter image description here


enter image description here

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