# why I can't write an Abstract with 3 languages Arabic, french and English

I'm writing my master thesis with Latex, so I'm trying to write an abstract with arabic, french and english, I'm using pdfLatex engine, here's the main.tex :

\documentclass[fontsize=12pt,parskip=half,appendixprefix,headsepline,numbers=noenddot, openany]{scrbook}

\input{Structure_memoire}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\include{frontmatter/page de garde}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\newcommand{\disableopenany}{%
%   \@openrighttrue%
%}                                                               document
%\makeatother
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}
\bibliographystyle{unsrt}
\captionsetup{labelfont=sc}
\begin{spacing}{1}
\pagestyle{empty}
\frontmatter
\maketitle
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%\{Dédicaces}%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\let\cleardoublepage\clearpage
%\include{dedicaces}
%\include{remerciment}
\include{frontmatter/remerciement}
%\include{frontmatter/Abstract}

\newpage
\null
\newpage
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%\{abstract}%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%

\renewcommand{\contentsname}{Sommaire}

\tableofcontents

\include{frontmatter/listdesabbr}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%\chapter*{Remerciements}%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\renewcommand{\contentsname}{Sommaire}
%\tableofcontents

\let\oldnumberline\numberline%

\renewcommand{\numberline}{\tablename~\oldnumberline}%
\listoftables

\renewcommand{\numberline}{\figurename~\oldnumberline}%
\listoffigures
%{\listoffigures \let\cleardoublepage\clearpage \listoftables}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\mainmatter
\end{spacing}
%%%%%%%%%\Corps\%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\enableopenany
\include{mainmatter/intro}

%\enableopenany
\include{mainmatter/chap1}
%\enableopenany
\include{mainmatter/chap2}
%\enableopenany
\include{mainmatter/chap3}

\include{mainmatter/chap4}

\include{mainmatter/conclusion}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\makeatletter
\makeatother
%\include{Perspectives}
%\include{bibliography}
\begin{spacing}{1}
\nocite{*}
\bibliographystyle{plain}
\bibliography{reference/myref}

\end{spacing}
\end{document}


and this is all the pachages that I'm using:

\usepackage{float} %Pour dire que les "tables" sont des "tableaux" \usepackage[tablename=Tableau]{caption} \usepackage{array} \usepackage{minitoc} \usepackage{shorttoc} \usepackage[dvipsnames,table,xcdraw]{xcolor} \usepackage{tikz} \usepackage{framed} \usepackage{lettrine} \usepackage[inline]{enumitem} \usepackage{arabtex} \usepackage[utf8]{inputenc} \usepackage[arabic]{babel}

\usepackage{subcaption} \usepackage{setspace} \usepackage[ruled,linesnumbered,lined,boxed,commentsnumbered]{algorithm2e} \usepackage[kerning=true,spacing=true,tracking=true]{microtype} \usepackage{enumitem} \usepackage{pdfpages} \usepackage{etoolbox}

• Do you think you could condense your code into a self-contained MWE that reproduces your bug? Some of your files are missing, and you don’t say what output you want or what you’re getting. Jun 3, 2021 at 15:13
• Not exactly related to your question, but I gather from the information in your preamble that your document is mainly in french, so I would suggest giving babel the set of options: [arabic, english,main=french]. That way, your floats will already have the proper french names and you wouldn't to define them using float. That would also give you the option of using otherlanguage environments for the english and arabic abstract, which will be useful for linebreaks and punctuation. Jun 3, 2021 at 17:55

scrbook doesn't have an abstract environment. So you could define your own one, like

\newenvironment{abstract}[1] % title
{%
\renewcommand\raggedsection{\centering}%
\section*{#1}%
\begin{quote}%
}
{\end{quote}}

\begin{document}
\frontmatter

\begin{abstract}{Résumé}
French abstract
\end{abstract}

\begin{abstract}{Abstract}
English abstract
\end{abstract}

% Don't know Arabic

\mainmatter

\chapter{First chapter}