6

I have written this :

\begin{multline}
\Delta T_s = \frac{T_s \times (\alpha \ln \frac{C}{C_0} + (\beta(\sqrt{M} - \sqrt{M_0})\\
- (f(M, N_0) - f(M_0, N_0))) + (\gamma (\sqrt{N} - \sqrt{N_0}) - (f(M_0, N) - f(M_0, N_0)))}{4F_{TOA}}
\end{multline}

but latex gives me the error "Missing } inserted", i tried some stuff but everytime latex gives me this. Can you help me please ?

1
  • 4
    Welcome to TeX.SE! Can you please make your code snippet be compilable? Then we do not have to guess what you are doing ...
    – Mensch
    Jun 9, 2021 at 21:21

3 Answers 3

11

The immediate reason for the error is the fact that you've inserted \\ in the numerator term of the \frac directive. I have removed it and it is works correctly.

enter image description here

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
\begin{multline}
\Delta T_s = \frac{T_s \times (\alpha \ln \frac{C}{C_0} + (\beta(\sqrt{M} - \sqrt{M_0})
- (f(M, N_0) - f(M_0, N_0))) + (\gamma (\sqrt{N} - \sqrt{N_0}) - (f(M_0, N) - f(M_0, N_0)))}{4F_{TOA}}
\end{multline}
\end{document}

To create a line break in the numerator, you can use \splitfrac, a macro provided by the mathtools package.

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools}

\begin{document}
\begin{equation}
\Delta T_s =\frac{\splitfrac{T_s \times [\alpha \ln \frac{C}{C_0} + (\beta(\sqrt{M} - \sqrt{M_0}\,)
- (f(M, N_0) - f(M_0, N_0))] }{+\gamma (\sqrt{N} - \sqrt{N_0}\,) - (f(M_0, N) - f(M_0, N_0))}}{4F_{\mathit{TOA}}}
\end{equation}
\end{document}
3
  • 1
    +1 for the use of \splitfrac.
    – Mico
    Jun 9, 2021 at 21:50
  • 2
    To elaborate, TeX saw \\ inside a group started by { instead of the expected closing }. Hence the error message: Missing } inserted. Jun 10, 2021 at 13:50
  • @MatthewLeingang Thank you for your advice. If you want you can edit my answer and explain better the reason. My best regards.
    – Sebastiano
    Jun 10, 2021 at 19:46
5

I think you should use the \splitfrac from mathtools to make this long fraction fit textwidth. I also used different sizes for parentheses tm make the fraction more readable:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt]{article}
\usepackage{mathtools}

\begin{document}

    \[ \Delta T_s = \frac{\splitfrac{T_s \times\Bigl(\alpha \ln \frac{C}{C_0} + \beta\bigl(\sqrt{M} - \sqrt{M_0}\bigr)
- \bigl(f(M, N_0) - f(M_0, N_0)\bigr)\Bigr)}{+ \Bigl(\gamma \bigl(\sqrt{N} - \sqrt{N_0}\bigr) - \bigl(f(M_0, N) - f(M_0, N_0)\bigr)\Bigr)}}{4F_{TOA}} \]%

\end{document} 

enter image description here

2

I know this is an old question, and I do not want to necro-bump it. However, I feel like the given answers somewhat misses the point. Yes, if you have to keep everything in a single equation, multiline is the way to go. But do you really have to? I can only think of a few circumstances.

  • I am submitting to a journal and I am really tight on space
  • I am working on a two or three?! column document and are tight on space.

In any other circumstance I would recommend rewriting the surrounding text, which will make it more bearable for the reader to digest as well. One suggestion could look like

enter image description here

Where X and Y needs to be given better names depending on the contect. It looks like you are running some two dimensional iteration scheme, but without context it is hard to suggest better names.

While a minor detail look how nicely everything is aligned in the top two equations despite M and N having different widths..


\documentclass[10pt,a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{mathtools}

\begin{document}
\noindent
Now let 
%
\bgroup
\newcommand{\NM}{\mathrlap{N}{\phantom{M}}}
\newcommand{\NMsqrt}{\mathrlap{\sqrt{N_0}}{\phantom{\sqrt{M_0}}}}
\begin{align*}
    X &= \beta\mspace{2mu}(\sqrt{M} - \sqrt{M_0}) - \bigl[f(M, N_0) - f(M_0, N_0)\bigr]\\
    Y &= \gamma\mspace{2mu}(\sqrt{\NM} - \NMsqrt) - \bigl[f(M_0, N) - f(M_0, N_0)\bigr]
\end{align*}
\egroup
%
then the change in $T_s$ is equal to
%
\begin{equation*}
\frac{\Delta T_s}{T_s}
  = \frac{\alpha \ln(C/C_0) + X + Y}{4F_{TOA}}
\end{equation*}
%
where $T_s$ represents ...
\end{document}

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