I am trying to write the abstract of my thesis and I need the space between the title and my name to be triple space and in the default abstract by overleaf they are using this command $\hspace{10pt},$ does this command equivalent to triple space?


Triple space means 2 blank lines between.


Here is the code I have:


\usepackage[a4paper, vmargin=1in]{geometry}


    \newgeometry{top=1.75in, bottom=1in} 



% Author names and affiliations
Arthur Author$^1$, Cecilia CoAuthor$^2$ \\


$^1$) First affiliation\\
[email protected]\\
$^2$) Second affiliation




This is a simple one-page abstract template. Please keep your abstract length at one page. The abstract should be in English. You may include figures and pictures in your abstract, as long as they fit in the single page limit.

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    \restoregeometry % restores the geometry from the preamble
  • 1
    Since spaces vary from template to template there is no way to tell. Just use anything your classmates do.
    – Symbol 1
    Jun 19, 2021 at 4:06
  • 1
    Triple space denotes a relative vertical distance between lines of text, where "relative" means some multiple of a default amount (about which you've told us exactly nothing so far). Since \hspace inserts a fixed amount of horizontal whitespace, it cannot possibly be "equivalent to triple space". Please clarify your setup.
    – Mico
    Jun 19, 2021 at 5:05
  • @Symbol1 I am the only one who is writing thesis in my class.
    – Happy
    Jun 19, 2021 at 9:03
  • 1
    @Happy no you do not need newgeometry, here it complicates the processing and is not needed at all for this. Why do you think you need a different geometry? You just need the abstract then force a page break, you arer setting the bottom margin with newgeometry but the bottom margin is never reached as you force a new page after the abstract. Jun 19, 2021 at 16:49
  • 1
    @Happy - You wrote, "I am guessing that horizontal space by 10 points means moving downward 2 vertical lines". Absolutely not! You can verify this by replacing all 3 instances of \hspace{10pt} with \null (which is short for \mbox{}) and recompiling the test document: you'll still get the exact same vertical spacing between lines. Sorry, but the template you're using was evidently created by a near-incompetent who doesn't distinguish between \hspace ("insert horizontal space") and \vspace ("insert vertical space").
    – Mico
    Jun 20, 2021 at 6:03

1 Answer 1


You should not take thesis requirements too literally they often don't really make sense.

A normal inter-word space is a variable amount depending on the font used and the space required to justify the current paragraph.

You should not use math mode, so \hspace{10pt} not $\hspace{10pt}$.

If you are using the default Computer Modern font at 10pt, and the line is not shrunk or stretched to justify the text then the space between words is 3.33333pt so 10pt is 3 times that.

If you want to get the space of three spaces in the current font whatever the current font is, you could use

xxx\ \ \ xxx

  • 1
    But I just noticed @Mico's comment uder the question. It is possible that you mis-interpreted the instructions and a vertical space equivalent to three baselines was intended, in which case the answer to the question would be simply "no" and I'll delete this. Jun 19, 2021 at 8:30
  • Is your answer above speaking about vertical spacing or horizontal spacing?
    – Happy
    Jun 19, 2021 at 9:13
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    @Happy horizontal spacing which is what I took your question to mean as you asked about \ h (orizontal)space but you have edited the question so I woul delete this now as I said, but I can't as you accepted it:-) Jun 19, 2021 at 9:29
  • 1
    @Happy no!!! it means moving to the right by 10pt try typing abc\hspace{10pt}xyz you will get 10pt horizontal space between c and x on the same line. It is entirely the wrong command to make vertical space. Before you chnaged the question I thought you wanted abc xyz but with a space that was three times as big (which is more or less what \hspace{10pt} does) Jun 19, 2021 at 16:42
  • 1
    @Happy something like \vspace{2\baselineskip} will add the space normally taken by two lines of text Jun 19, 2021 at 16:56

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