# Drawing a directed wheel graph with TikZ

I'd like to draw a wheel graph with directed arcs with a given n where n represents the nodes around the hub node. There is a similar question whose answer is provided for the undirected wheel graph.

\documentclass[tikz,margin=3mm]{standalone}

\usetikzlibrary{graphs,graphs.standard,calc}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.8,every node/.style={scale=0.8}]
\graph  [nodes={circle,fill=black!25}, edges={black!60, semithick}, clockwise, radius=8em,
n=9, p=0.3]
\node at  ($(A 1)!.5!(A 4)$) (C){};
\foreach \i in {1,2,...,6}{
\draw (C)-- (A \i); }
\draw [fill=black!25](C) circle (0.4em);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}



Firstly, how can turn each edge into two directed arcs (please see the image below for a reference)? Secondly, when I change the parameter n, the visualization of the wheel looks pretty odd (please see the second image). Is there a way to arrange this code in the sense that the hub node is automatically centralized around the neighbor nodes?

Here is my interpretation of your requirements. Rather than using subgraph, which seemed to be problematic for getting two edges between each vertex, I used necklace routing, and developed an answer based on @AndréC's answer here: Plot a 4-regular directed network. A graph with an odd number of vertices presents the small challenge of finding the centre. I used TikZ's barycentric co-ordinate system barycentric cs to define the mid-point between vertices 1, 4 and 7. Comments on the sequence of steps to build the graph are included in the code.

%Adapted from https://tex.stackexchange.com/a/527809/
\documentclass[border=5mm]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary {graphs,graphdrawing}
\usegdlibrary {circular,routing}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows.meta,bending}
\tikzset{every edge/.append style = {>={Stealth[round,sep,bend]}}}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
% Create the verticies and include the edges bending right
\graph [simple necklace layout, node distance=1.5cm,
necklace routing,grow'=south,edges={bend right=10}]{
1 -> 2  -> 3 -> 4 -> 5 -> 6 -> 7 -> 8 -> 9 -> 1
};
%reuse the existing verticies and include the edges bending left
\graph [use existing nodes,edges={bend left=15}]{
1 <- 2  <- 3 <- 4 <- 5 <- 6 <- 7 <- 8 <- 9 <- 1
};
%Create a node at the centre
(barycentric cs:1=0.5 ,4=0.5,7=0.5) {};
%Reuse the existing nodes and draw the edges bending right from the outer circle of nodes to the centre (C)
\graph [use existing nodes,edges={bend right=15}]{
1 -> C, 2 -> C, 3 -> C, 4 -> C, 5 -> C, 6 -> C, 7 -> C, 8 -> C, 9 -> C
};
%Reuse the existing nodes and draw the edges bending left from the outer circle of nodes to the centre (C)
\graph [use existing nodes,edges={bend left=15}]{
1 <- C, 2 <- C, 3 <- C, 4 <- C, 5 <- C, 6 <- C, 7 <- C, 8 <- C, 9 <- C
};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


Which gives this:

• I am receiving an error at line \usegdlibrary {circular,routing} when I copy and paste your code on Overleaf. Is there an extra document that I should include in my project? Commented Jul 16, 2021 at 14:59
• For the missing graph drawing libraries, I suggest you ask the Overleaf help desk, or see if you can find them at the tikz-pgf repository on github.
– Ross
Commented Jul 16, 2021 at 15:24