# Biblatex supercite command with use of square brackets (like a reference style in Wikipedia)

In my report I would like to have the square brackets around the citations as superscripts (like in the Wikipedia style) using \supercite command.

The default \supercite{} command in biblatex package gives a number without brackets.

I have found a good reference in Biblatex cite with footnote only once, with use of brackets. However I am interested in such citation style just in normal text - not for the footnotes.

I know that I have to redefine some command but a lack of knowledge does not allow me to complete the task. Could anyone help me?

• This was the top result on google when searching for 'supercite brackets' but a much better version is available here. – Marvin Thielk Feb 26 '14 at 11:32

Would this work for you?

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{biblatex}

\DeclareCiteCommand{\supercite}[\mkbibsuperscript]
{\iffieldundef{prenote}
{}
{\BibliographyWarning{Ignoring prenote argument}}%
\iffieldundef{postnote}
{}
{\BibliographyWarning{Ignoring postnote argument}}}
{\usebibmacro{citeindex}%
\bibopenbracket\usebibmacro{cite}\bibclosebracket}
{\supercitedelim}
{}

\usepackage{filecontents}

\begin{filecontents}{test.bib}
@book{A01,
author = {Author, A.},
year = {2001},
title = {Alpha},
}
@book{B02,
author = {Buthor, B.},
year = {2002},
title = {Bravo},
}
@article{C03,
author = {Cuthor, C.},
year = {2003},
title = {Charlie},
}
\end{filecontents}

\let\cite=\supercite

\begin{document}

We are citing \supercite{A01,C03} and \supercite{B02} and \cite{C03}

\printbibliography

\end{document}


You can comment out \let\cite=\supercite if you don't want \cite to behave like \supercite (but I thought you might, seeing as it is shorter to write).

For information, what was needed is added \bibopenbracket and \bibclosebracket around the citation command.

(And I shamelessly stole @lockstep's sample bib file, I pray for forgiveness).

• Thank you very much. Exactly what I wanted. I'm always surprised how short is typical response time here. – Vladimir S. Jun 23 '12 at 7:28
• @VladimirS.: If this answers your question, you should mark the answer as accepted by clicking the tick mark next to it. You should also upvote answers and questions that you find useful, by clicking the upward pointing arrow next to the posts. – Jake Jun 23 '12 at 7:31
• Is this solution outdated? I always get the error: Package biblatex: Bibliography macro 'cite' undefined – ju. Oct 28 '20 at 13:53
• @ju. Not that I know. Are you using the standard biblatex styles? The cite macro is the one called by the \cite command, but it could differ in other citation styles. You can still achieve the same result by replacing it with whatever macro you call for citation. Please ask a new question if needed. – ienissei Nov 1 '20 at 1:28

Adding square brackets around the raised citations can be done from the natbib package with one simple command:

\usepackage[super,square]{natbib}

• Note that natbib is incompatible with (read: a "competitor" to) the biblatex` package. See here for a very detailed discussion: tex.stackexchange.com/q/25701/59034 – user59034 Sep 14 '16 at 19:48
• This is a useful answer for bibtex users. In fact, I landed here when searching for how to obtain this end result using bibtex. Can we move/link this answer to a separate question (if such a one doesn't already exist?) – Dr Krishnakumar Gopalakrishnan Aug 23 '19 at 16:29